Week 1 : Machining; Plastic Deformation, Tensile Test, Stress and Strain; Mechanism of Plastic Deformation: Slips, defects, plastic deformation on atomic scale; Types of machining processes; Chip formation; Orthogonal and Oblique Cutting; Types of Chips; Built-up edge formation; Tool specification; Tool angle relationships in ORS and ASA and NRS; Selection of Tool Angles; Multiple-pointcutting tools: twist drill, helical milling cutter.
Week 2 : Merchant's Circle Diagram; Co-efficient of Friction: Determination of stress, strain and strain rate; Measurement of shear angle; Thin Zone model: Lee and Shaffer's Relationship; Thick Zone model: Okushima and Hitomi Analysis; Nature of sliding friction; Friction in Metal Cutting: Sticking and Sliding Zones, Determination of mean angle of friction
Week 3 : Mechanism of Oblique Cutting: Normal Rake angle, velocity rake angle and effective rake angle; shear angles; velocity relationship; Force relationships in oblique cutting; Practical Marching Processes: Turning, shaping and planning, Slab milling, Drilling: Machining Parameters, force magnitudes, power consumption, material removal rate, time per pass.
Week 4 : Measurement of Cutting Forces: Basic methods of measurement: Axially Loaded members, Cantilever Beam, Rings and Octagon, dynamometer requirements; machine tool dynamometers; Types of tool wear; Mechanisms of wear: Abrasion, Adhesion and Diffusion. Progressive tool wear: flank and crater wear. Tool Life: variables affecting tool life - cutting conditions, tool geometry, Types of tool materials, fabrication of cutting inserts, coatings, work material and cutting fluid; Machinability and their criteria. Abrasive Machining Processes; Oblique Cutting; Economics of Machining; Thermal Aspects of Machining; Surface Finish.