Biological process design for wastewater treatment

By Prof. Vimal Chandra Srivastava   |   IIT Roorkee
Learners enrolled: 2563
This course is for Engineers and Scientists working towards the control of pollution from municipal and industrial wastewater. Considering the expectation of the Industries for wastewater pollution control in their premises to comply With newer and more stringent laws and acts being enforced in India and globally, wastewater treatment for effluent generated from industries has become highly challenging. This course introduces the principles of biological methods to control wastewater pollution. The course will be presented in a logical manner with several numerical problems and case studies. The topics to be covered include (but not limited to): biological treatment fundamentals, wastewater characterization, bacterial growth kinetics and reactor hydraulics, aeration and sedimentation. aerobic and anaerobic suspended and attached growth biological treatment processes, sludge management, and sustainability in wastewater treatment plant design.

INTENDED AUDIENCE: Undergraduate, postgraduate and Ph.D. students of Environmental Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Civil Engineering, and Environmental Chemistry
Course Status : Completed
Course Type : Elective
Duration : 8 weeks
Category :
  • Chemical Engineering
Credit Points : 2
Level : Undergraduate/Postgraduate
Start Date : 20 Feb 2023
End Date : 14 Apr 2023
Enrollment Ends : 20 Feb 2023
Exam Registration Ends : 17 Mar 2023
Exam Date : 29 Apr 2023 IST

Note: This exam date is subjected to change based on seat availability. You can check final exam date on your hall ticket.

Page Visits

Course layout

Week 1:Biological treatment fundamentals: Microbiology and ecology, Fundamentals of Biochemical Operations; Conversion processes of organic and inorganic matter. Wastewater characterization;
Week 2: Modeling of biological treatment processes: Stoichiometry, reaction and bacterial growth kinetics; reactor hydraulics. Mass and heat balance
Week 3:Aeration and sedimentation. Classification of biological treatment Processes. Biological nitrification, denitrification, and phosphorus removal
Week 4:Aerobic Biological Treatment Processes: Aerated lagoon, activated sludge systems, trickling filter, rotating disc reactors; sequential batch reactor..
Week 5:Anaerobic Biological Treatment Processes: UASB, and hybrid UASB reactors, biotowers.
Week 6:Advanced Biological Wastewater Treatment: Fluidized bed bioreactors; Membrane bioreactors (MBRs); Moving bed biofilm reactor (MBBR), biological nitrogen removal
Week 7:Sludge Management: Sludge characteristics, production, stabilization; thickening and dewatering; pathogen removal; sludge transformation and disposal methods
Week 8 Sustainability in wastewater treatment plant designing; greater water availability; lower energy and chemical consumption; resource recovery. Case studies on biological wastewater treatment

Books and references

1. Henze M., van-Loosdrecht M.C.M., Ekama G.A. and Brdjanovic D., “Biological Wastewater Treatment: Principles, Modelling and Design”, IWA publishing, 2008.
2. Márcia Dezotti, Geraldo Lippel, João Paulo Bassin, Advanced Biological Processes for Wastewater Treatment: Emerging, Consolidated Technologies and Introduction to Molecular Techniques, Springer Nature, 2018.
3. Davide Dionisi. Biological wastewater treatment processes: mass and heat balances. CRC Press, 2017.
4. Marcos von Sperling, Basic Principles of Wastewater Treatment. IWA Publishing, 2007.
5. C. P. Leslie Grady, Glen T. Daigger, Nancy G. Love, Carlos D. M. Filipe. Biological Wastewater Treatment. Co-published by IWA Publishing & CRC Press, 2011.
6. Cleverson Vitorio Andreoli, Marcos von Sperling, Fernando Fernandes. Sludge Treatment and Disposal. IWA Publishing, 2007.
7. Tchobanoglous G., Burton F.L., Stensel H.D., “Metcalf and Eddy Inc.- Waste Water Engineering Treatment and Reuse”, Tata McGraw-Hill, 2017
8. Arceivala S.J. and Asolekar S.R., “Wastewater Treatment for Pollution Control and Reuse”, 3rd Ed., Tata McGraw Hill, 2007.
9. Sincero A.P. and Sincero G.A., “Environmental Engineering – A Design Approach”, Prentice-Hall, 1996."

Instructor bio

Prof. Vimal Chandra Srivastava

IIT Roorkee
Prof. Vimal Chandra Srivastava (emails: vimal.srivastava@ch.iitr.ac.in, vimalcsr@yahoo.co.in) is currently serving as a Professor in the Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Roorkee, India. His major research interests are in Chemical & Environmental Engg., Wastewater Treatment, Desulfurization, Solid waste management, and Valorization of spent-adsorbents/catalysts/residues. He has authored >10 book chapters, >210 papers (>202 in ISI) in peer-reviewed journals, and more than 115 papers in conferences/seminars. He has received more than 11,050 citations (as per Scopus as of June 2021) with an h-index of 50. He has guided 16 Ph.D. thesis, 11 more are in progress. In addition, he has guided 50 M.Tech. Dissertations. Dr. Vimal has several sponsored and consultancy projects (>10) to his credit with a total overlay of more than Rupees Sixty million (6 crores). He has also organized 11 short-term courses sponsored by Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), India and All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE). He was awarded the prestigious International award “Prosper.Net-Scopus Young Researcher Award 2010 – First Runner-up Prize” held at Tongji University, Shanghai, China, on 5 July 2010. This award is sponsored by SCOPUS, United Nations University, and the International Bureau of BMBF, Germany. Dr. V.C. Srivastava has been awarded numerous Top National Awards like “NASI-Scopus Award 2018” by the National Academy of Science, India (NASI) & Scopus, “INAE Young Engineers Award 2012” by Indian National Academy of Engineering (INAE); “INSA Young Scientist Medal 2012” by Indian National Science Academy (INSA) in the “Engineering Science Category”; “IE Young Engineer Award 2013” by Institution of Engineers, India in the “Environmental Engineering” division; “Amar Dye-Chem Award 2013”, “Hindustan Lever Benial Award for Outstanding Chemical Engineer of the Year 2020” “Sisir Kumar Mitra Memorial Award 2018” & “CSIR-NEERI Chemcon Distinguished Speaker (CDS) Award 2019” by Indian Institute of Chemical Engineers (IIChE). Dr. Srivastava also received the “IIT Roorkee Outstanding Young Faculty Award 2017” (with Institute Research Fellowship). Dr. Srivastava is a Young Associate of INAE; Member of American Chemical Society (ACS); Fellow of Institution of Engineers, India; Life Member of National Academy of Science, India (NASI), IIChE, Indian Science Congress Association (ISCA) and Indian Society for Electro-Analytical Chemistry (ISEAC); and The Biotech Research Society, India (BRSI).

Course certificate

The course is free to enroll and learn from. But if you want a certificate, you have to register and write the proctored exam conducted by us in person at any of the designated exam centres.
The exam is optional for a fee of Rs 1000/- (Rupees one thousand only).
Date and Time of Exams: 29 April 2023 Morning session 9am to 12 noon; Afternoon Session 2pm to 5pm.
Registration url: Announcements will be made when the registration form is open for registrations.
The online registration form has to be filled and the certification exam fee needs to be paid. More details will be made available when the exam registration form is published. If there are any changes, it will be mentioned then.
Please check the form for more details on the cities where the exams will be held, the conditions you agree to when you fill the form etc.


Average assignment score = 25% of average of best 6 assignments out of the total 8 assignments given in the course.
Exam score = 75% of the proctored certification exam score out of 100

Final score = Average assignment score + Exam score

YOU WILL BE ELIGIBLE FOR A CERTIFICATE ONLY IF AVERAGE ASSIGNMENT SCORE >=10/25 AND EXAM SCORE >= 30/75. If one of the 2 criteria is not met, you will not get the certificate even if the Final score >= 40/100.

Certificate will have your name, photograph and the score in the final exam with the breakup.It will have the logos of NPTEL and IIT Roorkee .It will be e-verifiable at nptel.ac.in/noc.

Only the e-certificate will be made available. Hard copies will not be dispatched.

Once again, thanks for your interest in our online courses and certification. Happy learning.

- NPTEL team

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