Understanding And Reducing Ghg Emissions – Focus On Scope 1 And 2 Emission Reduction Through Building Design And Construction

By Prof. Avlokita Agrawal   |   IIT Roorkee
Learners enrolled: 824   |  Exam registration: 109
This course introduces the students about Greenhouse Gas Protocols. The GHG protocol classifies emissions into three categories namely Scope 1, Scope 2 and Scope 3. Scope 1 and Scope 2 emissions are direct emissions and can be impacted through easily achievable targets. One of the means to achieve Scope 1 & 2 emission reductions is shifting to Sustainable and Low Carbon Architecture. This course details out the understanding of GHG protocol and also the means to achieve the reductions under Scope 1 and 2 through Sustainable Building Design and Construction.

INTENDED AUDIENCE: Any Science/ Technology/ Management Student

PREREQUISITES: Any student pursuing Under Graduation in any discipline of Science/ Technology/ Management

Course Status : Completed
Course Type : Elective
Duration : 8 weeks
Category :
  • Architecture and Planning
Credit Points : 2
Level : Undergraduate/Postgraduate
Start Date : 21 Aug 2023
End Date : 13 Oct 2023
Enrollment Ends : 21 Aug 2023
Exam Registration Ends : 15 Sep 2023
Exam Date : 29 Oct 2023 IST

Note: This exam date is subjected to change based on seat availability. You can check final exam date on your hall ticket.

Page Visits

Course layout

LECTURE 01 Introduction- Sustainability and Sustainable Development
LECTURE 02 Sustainable Development and SDGs
LECTURE 03 SDGs and Climate Change
LECTURE 04 Climate Risk
LECTURE 05 Impact of Development on Climate and  Natural Component
LECTURE 07 Kyoto Protocol
LECTURE 08 The Paris Agreement
LECTURE 09 Green House Gases 
LECTURE 10 Carbon Footprint and Calculation
LECTURE 11 The GHG Protocol
LECTURE 12 ISO International Standards
LECTURE 13 Identification and Determination of Scope 1,2 and 3 GHG Emissions- Part I
LECTURE 14 Identification and Determination of Scope 1,2 and 3 GHG Emissions- Part II
LECTURE 15 Identification and Determination of Scope 1,2 and 3 GHG Emissions- Part III
LECTURE 16 India Specific GHG Programs- I
LECTURE 17 India Specific GHG Programs- II
LECTURE 18 Accounting Methods and Data Collection
LECTURE 19 Calculation Tools
LECTURE 20 Understanding the Role of Buildings and Related Emissions
LECTURE 21 Understanding Emissions of Airports
LECTURE 22 Understanding Emissions of University Campuses
LECTURE 23 Understanding Emissions of Fuel Supply Companies
LECTURE 24 Understanding Emissions of IT Companies
LECTURE 25 Understanding Emissions of Real Estate Companies
LECTURE 26 Thermal Comfort In Building​
LECTURE 27 Passive Design Measures​
LECTURE 28 Advanced Passive Design Measures​
LECTURE 29 Natural Ventilation and Mechanical Ventilation 
LECTURE 30 Daylighting and Lighting Design 
LECTURE 31 Factors Affecting Material Selection in Building​
LECTURE 32 Material Selection for Emission Reduction​
LECTURE 33 Reducing Emission from purchased Electricity.​
LECTURE 34 Strategies of Renovation and Retrofiting for Emission Reduction
LECTURE 35 Examples of Building Design on Energy Consumption
LECTURE 36 Calculation of Emissions Reduction from Architectural Design​
LECTURE 37 Calculation of Emission Reduction through Material Selection​
LECTURE 38 Calculation of Emission Reduction through Daylighting​
LECTURE 39 Calculation of Emission Reduction through Ventilation Strategies ​
LECTURE 40 Course Summary

Books and references

1. The GHG Protocol
2. Paris Agreement
3. Kyoto Protocol

Instructor bio

Prof. Avlokita Agrawal

IIT Roorkee
I Am Dr. Avlokita Agrawal. I earned Bachelor of Architecture degree from IIT Roorkee in 2003 and PhD from IIT Roorkee in 2010. Right from college, the subject which most interested me were climatology and passive designing which were taught to us by one of the most accomplished teachers of those times, Dr. M R Sharma and Dr. I C Sharma, both from CBRI. After B Arch, I pursued PhD where I studied Impact of Vaastushastra on thermal comfort in traditional Havelis of Rajasthan. While pursuing PhD and post completion of PhD, I worked for companies like Asahi India Glass (where I headed their Green Design Division) and Honeywell international (where I worked in Corporate Affairs division with a focus on building energy efficiency vertical). In corporate jobs, I was mainly working toward various aspects of building energy efficiency. After joining back academics, I have mainly taught subjects like Sustainable Built Environment. I also manage the IGBC student chapter at IIT Roorkee.

Course certificate

The course is free to enroll and learn from. But if you want a certificate, you have to register and write the proctored exam conducted by us in person at any of the designated exam centres.
The exam is optional for a fee of Rs 1000/- (Rupees one thousand only).
Date and Time of Exams: 29 October 2023 Morning session 9am to 12 noon; Afternoon Session 2pm to 5pm.
Registration url: Announcements will be made when the registration form is open for registrations.
The online registration form has to be filled and the certification exam fee needs to be paid. More details will be made available when the exam registration form is published. If there are any changes, it will be mentioned then.
Please check the form for more details on the cities where the exams will be held, the conditions you agree to when you fill the form etc.


Average assignment score = 25% of average of best 6 assignments out of the total 8 assignments given in the course.
Exam score = 75% of the proctored certification exam score out of 100

Final score = Average assignment score + Exam score

YOU WILL BE ELIGIBLE FOR A CERTIFICATE ONLY IF AVERAGE ASSIGNMENT SCORE >=10/25 AND EXAM SCORE >= 30/75. If one of the 2 criteria is not met, you will not get the certificate even if the Final score >= 40/100.

Certificate will have your name, photograph and the score in the final exam with the breakup.It will have the logos of NPTEL and IIT Roorkee .It will be e-verifiable at nptel.ac.in/noc.

Only the e-certificate will be made available. Hard copies will not be dispatched.

Once again, thanks for your interest in our online courses and certification. Happy learning.

- NPTEL team

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