Role Of Craft And Technology In Interior - Architecture

By Prof. Smriti Saraswat   |   IIT Roorkee
Learners enrolled: 979   |  Exam registration: 289
This course is very crucial as it focuses on a trans-disciplinary research, emphasizing on the role of Craft & Technology in the discipline of Interior-Architecture. In the current decade which focuses on trans-disciplinarity and innovation, a course like this shall be very useful for a wide audience hailing from different disciplines such as art; craft; architecture; design; and, creative industries. Moreover, such a course is very much in line with the MHRD initiatives like SANDHI and Design Hub, where the focus is on amalgamation of Art, Science and Technology. It has multifold objectives: a) To understand the definition and scope of Interior-Architecture and Craft & Technology. b) To document and disseminate the role of Craft & Technology in Interior-Architecture through state-of-the-art literature; best studies and case studies. c) To create awareness and exposure for skill based knowledge systems. d) To establish link between tradition and continuity. e) To develop new paradigms of pedagogy and practice in the field of Interior-Architecture and Craft & Technology

Designers; Architects; Artists; Craft Persons; Entrepreneurs working in the core and peripheral subjects

INDUSTRY SUPPORT : All the relevant Industries related to Interior- Architecture; Design; Art; Craft and the Creative Industries (Specific Examples Asian Paints; District Industries Centres; Alaya Design Studio)
Course Status : Completed
Course Type : Core
Duration : 8 weeks
Category :
  • Architecture and Planning
Credit Points : 2
Level : Undergraduate/Postgraduate
Start Date : 24 Jul 2023
End Date : 15 Sep 2023
Enrollment Ends : 07 Aug 2023
Exam Registration Ends : 21 Aug 2023
Exam Date : 24 Sep 2023 IST

Note: This exam date is subjected to change based on seat availability. You can check final exam date on your hall ticket.

Page Visits

Course layout

Week 1 :   Interior- Architecture: Definition and Understanding, Craft: Definition and Understanding (Varied Perspectives on Art and Craft),Interior- Architecture and Craft & Technology: Establishing Inter- Relationships and Exploring Applications. Discourse
Week 2 :    Interior- Architecture: Documenting Knowledge and Skills, Traditional Knowledge Systems and the Ingenious skills of the communities, Interior-Architecture: Documenting Materials; Tools and Techniques, Traditional Knowledge Systems and the Indigenous materials; tools and techniques, Discourse
Week 3:    Creative and Cultural Industries:Understanding Definition; Significance and Scope, Building Crafts: Definitions; perspectives and frameworks, Building Crafts: Craft and Technology and its Role in creating/enhancing Interior- Architecture, Discourse
Week 4 :    Best Studies related to the Craft Sector, Case Studies From Gujarat, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, Miscellaneous Case Studies
Week 5 :    Craft and Technology in Interior Architecture: Decoding Systems and Transformation through Time,Discourse
Week 6 :    Overview of the Craft Sector Today, Issues and Challenges, Policies and Reforms, Gaps, Summary & Discourse
Week 7 :    Continuity and Revival: Research and Documentation Perspective, Education and Training Perspective, Innovation and Development Perspective, Resource Building and Dissemination Perspective, Summary & Discourse
Week 8 :    Interventions - Process Based; Product/Design Based; Technology Based; Marketing/Management Based; and, Spatial, Summary & Discourse 

Books and references

a) Books 
1. Coles, J and House, N. “The Fundamentals of Interior-Architecture”, Ava Publishing, 2007
2. Chhiber, Neelam. “Stone Craft of India”, vol.1 & vol.2, Crafts Council of India, Chennai, with assistance from Department of Culture and Development Commissioner, Handicrafts, Govt. of India, 2002
3. Dave, B; Thakkar, J. and Shah, M. “Pratha – Kath Khuni Architecture of Himachal Pradesh”, Research Cell, School of Interior Design, CEPT, 2013
4. Hudson, J. “Interior-Architecture Now”, Laurence King Publishers, 2007
5. Jaitly, Jaya. “The Craft Traditions of India”, Lustre Press Pvt.Ltd, New Delhi, 1990
6. Jaitly Jaya. “Crafts Atlas of India”, Niyogi Books, N.Delhi, 2012
7. Khanna, P. “Material and Technology – An inventory of selected materials and technologies for building construction”, Project report to CDKN, Development Alternatives Group, New Delhi, 2011
8. Mehrotra, Lakhan and Vajpayee, Raghvendra (ed.) “Communication Through The Ages – An Indian Perspective”, Aryan Books International, new Delhi in association with Media Centre for Research and Development, Gurgaon, 2009
9. Pandya, Yatin. “Concepts of Space Making in Traditional Indian Architecture”, Mapin Pub.Pvt.Ltd., Ahmedabad, 2005
10. Pandya, Yatin. “Elements of Space Making”, Mapin Pub.Pvt.Ltd., Ahmedabad, 2007
11. Parmar, V.S. “Wood Carvings of Gujarat”, Pub. Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Govt. of India, 2001, New Delhi
12.  Patel, Nimish, Chauhan, Muktirajsinhji and others. “Stone Buildings of Gujarat”, School of Interior Design in collaboration with Gujarat Mineral Research & Development Society, 2010
13. Ranjan, Aditi and Ranjan, M.P. (Ed.) “Crafts of India: Handmade in India”, Council of Handicraft Development Corporations (COHANDS), New Delhi, Development Commisioner (Handicrafts), New Delhi, National Institute of Design (NID), Ahmedabad, and Mapin Publishing, Ahmedabad, 2005
14. Saraf, D.N. “Indian Crafts – Development and Potential”, Vikas Publishing House Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 1982
15. Thakkar, J. and Morrison, S. “Matra – Ways of Measuring Vernacular Built Forms of Himachal Pradesh”, SID Research Cell, School of Interior Design, CEPT University, 2008
16. Thakkar J. “Naqsh - The Art of Wood Carving in the Traditional Houses of Gujarat: A Focus of Ornamentation”, Research Cell, School of Interior Design, CEPT, 2004
17. Thapar, B.K (ed). “Indian Archaeology 1976-66– A Review”, Archaeological Survey of India, Government of India, 1980
18. Trivedi, R.K. “Wood Carvings of Gujarat”, Census of India 1961”, Volume V, Gujarat, Part VII – A (2)
19. Varadarajan, Lotika and Chevallier, Denis (ed.) “Tradition and Transmission – Current Trends in French Ethnology – The relevance for India”, Aryan Books International, New Delhi in association with Cultural Section of the Embassy of France, New Delhi, 2003
b) e-books
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21. Campbell, Jeffrey Y (ed.), “Lac-Turnery and the Lacquerware Industry”, Chapter 3, Case Study 2, in “Women's Role in Dynamic Forest-Based Small Scale Enterprises. Case Studies on Uppage and Lacquerware from India”, FAO (Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations) Corporate Document Repository, Forestry Department, Rome 1991, http://www.fao.org/docrep/x5859e/x5859e04.htm, 13Dec 12, 17:42, searched through Google
22. Campean, M. “Timber Drying Methods – Passing through History into the Future” in Moren, Tom and others (ed). “Proceedings of the Eleventh International IUFRO Wood Drying Conference – Recent Advances in the Field of Wood Drying ”, Skelleftea, Sweden, Jan 18-22, 2010, http://www.ltu.se/polopoly_fs/1.58969!srapproved%20-%20proceedings.pdf#page=11, searched through Google, 15Dec 12, 15:00
23. Risatti, H. “A Theory of Craft: Function and Aesthetic Expression”, The University of North Carolina Press, 2013
c) Journals/ Papers
24. Author Unknown, “Regional classification of Floor Art - Northern and Eastern parts of India”, Journal Shodhganga, Chapter 2, Volume 8, retrieved from shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/4605/8/08_chapter%202.pdf, 10th Aug 15, 17:40 hours, through search engine Google
25. Cherrinoton, Frank W. “Method of Drying or Treating Timber and the Like”, United States Patent Office, 1930, http://www.google.co.in/patents?id=QXdsAAAAEBAJ&zoom=4&dq=rotational%20stacking%20method%20for%20seasoning%20the%20wood&pg=PA2#v=onepage&q&f=false, 15Dec 12, 16:05, searched through Google
26. Chuenrudeemol, W. and Boonla, N. “A Case Study: Design Intervention for Commercial Craft Practice in Thailand”, Industrial Design Program School of Architecture and Design, King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi, retrieved from www.arch.kmutt.ac.th/.../8.Sustainable%20Design%20Process%20for%20Thai.pdf, 15th Aug 15, 18: 20 hours, through search engine Google
27. Craft Revival Trust, “Craft Revival Quarterly”, http://www.craftrevival.org/Index.htm, 27Feb 2013, 18:00, accessed through search engine Google
28. Franco C.E. and Selvakumar, S. “Entrepreneurship - A Key for Women Empowerment”, International Journal of Research Granthaalayah, Vol.4 (Iss.3: SE): March, 2016, pp. 45-51
29. Hajoary, D. “Supply Chain Management of Indian Enterprise In International Operations: Type Of Modern Literary Critique”, International Journal of Research Granthaalayah, Vol.4 (Iss.3): March, 2016, pp. 107-118
30. Hasalkar, Suma and Jadhav, Veena. “Role of Women in the Use of Non-Timber Forest Produce: A Review”, J. Soc. Sci., 8(3): 203-206 (2004), http://www.krepublishers.com/02-Journals/JSS/JSS-08-0-000-000-2004-Web/JSS-08-3-179-254-2004-Abst-PDF/JSS-08-3-203-206-2004-Hasalkar-S/JSS-08-3-203-206-2004-Hasalkar-S.pdf, 15Dec 12, 17:00, searched through Google
31. Kapur, Harita and Mittar, S. “Design Intervention and Craft Revival”, International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, Volume 4, Issue 10, October 2014, retrieved from www.ijsrp.org/research-paper-1014/ijsrp-p34119.pdf, 12th September 15, 19: 05 hours, through search engine Google 
32. Kumar, S. “Art-Research in Memory Institutions: A Brief Review of Their Resources From Visual-Arts-Research Perspective”, International Journal of Research Granthaalayah, Vol.3, Issue 10, October, 2015, pp. 84-91
33. Kramrisch, S. “The Traditions of The Indian Craftman”, The Journal of American Folklore, 1958
34. Negi, Monika (et.al.). “New Horizon for Aipan (Folk Art of Uttarakhand) Motifs through Appliqué”, International Journal of Research Granthaalayah, Vol.3 (Iss.9): September, 2015, pp. 36-48
35. Pandya, Y. “Concept of Space inTraditional Indian Architecture”, Mapin Publishing Pvt. Ltd., Ahmedabad, 2005
36. Mahdihassan, S. “Lac and its Decolourization by Orpiment as traced to Babylon”, Indian Journal of History of Science, 21(2), pp 187-192, 1986, http://www.new.dli.ernet.in/rawdataupload/upload/insa/INSA_1/20005b5b_187.pdf, 19Dec 12, 12:44, searched through Google
37. Nørgaard, H.W. “Are Valued Craftsmen as Important as Prestige Goods:
Ideas about Itinerant Craftsmanship in the Nordic Bronze Age” in Reiter, S. (et.al.) “Rooted in Movement: Aspects of Mobility in Bronze Age Europe”, Jutland Archaeological Society Publications Vol. 83, Højbjerg, pp. 37-52
38. Robertson, Seonaid Mairi. “Craft and Contemporary Culture”, George G. Harrap & Co. Ltd., London, Toronto, Wellington, Sydney, 1961, http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0005/000500/050028eo.pdf, 05Feb 13, 20:20, accessed through search engine Google
39. Situngkir, H. “Cellular-Automata and Innovation within Indonesian Traditional Weaving Crafts”, Bandung Fe Institute, 18. November 2013, pp. 1-8
40. Subramanian, A. “Developing Life Skills in Youth”, International Journal of Research Granthaalayah, Vol.4, Issue 04: SE, April, 2016, pp. 65-74
41. Tung, F.W. “Weaving with Rush: Exploring Craft-Design Collaborations in Revitalizing a Local Craft”, International Journal of Design Vol.6 No.3, 2012, pp. 71-84
42. Viancha, P.C. “Artisan communities: A role for Designers in the stimulation of creative processes for the sustainability of knowledge and identity –Experience in Colombia”, Department of Product and Strategic Design, UIAH-University of Art and Design
Helsinki, Finland, year not mentioned, retrieved through www.ub.edu/5ead/PDF/4/Cabrera.pdf, 20th Apr 16, 17:45 hours, through search engine Google
43. Yair, Karen (et.al). “Design through making: crafts knowledge as facilitator to collaborative new product development”, Design Studies, Volume 20, Issue 6, November 1999, pp. 495-515, http://independent.academia.edu/karenyair/Papers/117043/Design_through_making_crafts_knowledge_as_facilitator_to_collaborative_new_product_development, searched through Google, 07Feb 13, 16:50
44. Yair, Karen, Press, Mike. and Tomes, Anne. “Crafting competitive advantage: crafts knowledge as a strategic resource”, Design Studies Volume 22, Issue 4, July 2001, pages 377-394,  http://independent.academia.edu/karenyair/Papers/117033/Crafting_competitive_advantage_Crafts_knowledge_as_a_strategic_resource_edit_delete, 09Feb 13, 16:45
d) Essays/Articles/Reports
45. “Better Design for greater Good – Design Intervention Case Study”, http://www.design21sdn.com/organizations/430/posts/15037, Google search engine, 02 March13, 18:00
46. “Brief Industrial profile of District Almora”, Ministry of MSME, Govt. of India in collaboration with MSME Development Institue, Nainital, Uttarakhand, retrieved from dcmsme.gov.in/dips/DIPSR%20-%20Almora.pdf, 10th Feb 16, 22: 38 hours, through search engine Google
47. “Brief Industrial profile of Uttarakhand”, Ministry of MSME, Govt. of India in collaboration with MSME Development Institue, Nainital, Uttarakhand, retrieved from msmedihaldwani.gov.in/addons/SIPSRUTTARAKHAND.pdf, 10th Feb 16, 22: 43 hours, through search engine Google
48. “Case Studies: The Indian Initiatives – Interaction between Design Students and Artisans for Design and Product Development”, Section III, “Designers meet Artisans – A Practical Guide”, Craft Revival Trust, Artesanías de Colombia S A. And  U N E S C O, 2005, pp 53-59, http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0014/001471/147132eo.pdf, 13Mar 13, 18:00, searched through Google
49. “Crafts and Design”, http://www.unesco.org/bpi/pdf/memobpi19_craft_en.pdf, searched through Google, 10Feb13, 15:00
50. “Crafts Workshops”, http://portal.unesco.org/culture/en/ev.phpURL_ID=35672&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html, searched through search engine Google, 05Marr 13, 20:30
51. “Charter on the Built Vernacular Heritage”, ICOMOS, 1999
52. “Emerging Contours in the MSME Sector of Uttarakhand: A survey based empirical study”, PHD Research Bureau, PHD Chamber of Commerce and Industry, New Delhi, April 2014, retrieved from phdcci.in/file/.../MSMEs%20Uttarakhand_6%20April%202014_%20final%20h.pdf, 05th April 16, 23:09 hours, through search engine Google
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56.  Pedeutour, E and Bhairi, A. “Community Based Comprehensive Planning for a Capital Township, Uttaranchal”, Environics Trust, New Delhi, October 2005
57. “Traditional Craftsmanship”,
 http://www.unesco.org/culture/ich/index.php?pg=57, searched through search engine Google, 05Mar 14, 20:00
58. “Uttarakhand State Perspective and Strategic Plan 2009-2027”, Watershed Management Directorate, Dehradun, retrieved from foodprocessingindia.co.in/state_pdf/Uttaranchal/SPSP_Uttarakhand.pdf, 25th April 16, 12:18 hours, through search engine Google
e) Proceedings of the Seminar
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Tamil Nadu, India, 1999
f) Craft/ Design/Interior-Architecture Blogs
61. Bean, J and Rosner, D. “Old Hat: Craft versus Design?” in “Make it Work”, https://www.google.co.in/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=2&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0CCMQFjAB&url=http%3A%2F%2Fpeople.ischool.berkeley.edu%2F~daniela%2Ffiles%2Fp86-bean_rosner.pdf&ei=sw_UVLKhJsTnuQT194DgBQ&usg=AFQjCNH_xG51OdekmJf2BoloRIuYF2oE9A&bvm=bv.85464276,d.c2E, accessed through search engine Google, 05July 2014, 14:00 
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Instructor bio

Prof. Smriti Saraswat

IIT Roorkee
Prof. Smriti Saraswat is trained as an architect and interior designer. She was awarded the Letter of Merit for academic excellence in Master of Interior Architecture and Design, by the CEPT University, Ahmedabad. She has a work experience of fifteen years. She is currently an Assistant Professor in the Department of Architecture and Planning at IIT Roorkee (Uttarakhand, India), and a joint faculty member in the Department of Design, IIT Roorkee. She is passionate about Architectural Heritage; Tangible and Intangible Cultural Heritage; Traditional Building Practices, Indian Knowledge Systems; Indigenous Communities; Interior- Architecture; Craft and Technology; Material Culture and Design-Build Procedures; Creative and Cultural Industries; Skill Development; Entrepreneurship, Trans-Disciplinary Explorations and Cross-Sectoral Collaborations; Narratives; Anthropological Quests and Ethnographic Approaches in Architecture; Women Empowerment; Curriculum and Pedagogy Development; Research Methods.

She has worked on – prestigious projects focusing on museums and conservation while doing internship with the Development and Research Organisation on Nature, Arts and Heritage (DRONAH), Gurgaon; projects and events discussing craft & technology, design innovation and interior-architecture during her tenure as a senior researcher at Design Innovation and Craft Resource Centre (DICRC), CEPT University, Ahmedabad, with a focus on conducting workshops, prototyping, developing monographs based on these, and creating material inventories; projects and events focusing on indigenous communities (especially women artisans), art-craft- interior-architecture traditions of Uttarakhand and visual and cultural narratives from the Himalayan state with IIT Roorkee and Ministry of Culture; and, a joint project (Co – PI with Prof. Harshit Lakra, IIT Roorkee) on Model Village Development for the Juang Tribe of Odisha, funded by HUDCO. She has taken initiatives to promote the role of craftspersons, especially women artisans, in the non-traditional sectors like education and encouraged their participation in varied courses, workshops, exhibitions and events at IIT Roorkee. She got a Research Grant “Experimental Architecture and Material Culture (EAMC)”, under the Scheme ‘A New Passage to INDIA’ (2019- 2022), sponsored by DAAD, Germany, in collaboration with Prof. Axel Sowa, RWTH University, Aachen that focuses on architectural heritage, material culture, building crafts and experimental architecture. The project EAMC has received an extension of duration and funding, until Dec. 2023. Currently, she is involved in the capacity of a co-investigator, in the Project “Traditional Principles of Settlement Planning in Heritage Temple Sites of Odisha/ Erstwhile Kalinga Region”, along with Prof. Rabi Mohanty, IIT BHU, sanctioned by AICTE, under the Scheme ‘Indian Knowledge Systems’. She is also working with MoC, MoE, UTDB, MoT on diverse projects, primarily focusing on promoting tourism, culture and IKS.

Her Ph.D. is an attempt to explore and investigate material culture, traditional architecture and building crafts of the Himalayan state of Uttarakhand in India, with a focus on community-based knowledge systems. She has received several grants and scholarships; organized varied national and international workshops; training programmes; short term courses, including GIAN and SWAYAM NPTEL under the aegis of Ministry of Education; trans-disciplinary academic workshops at IIT Roorkee that focus on materials; heritage; craft and technology; interior-architecture; and, design innovations.; set up collaborations with National and International schools and organisations; conducted FDP courses; contributed in training and capacity building programmes; and authored several publications. She loves to travel; document; read; create photo essays; and tell stories.

Course certificate

The course is free to enroll and learn from. But if you want a certificate, you have to register and write the proctored exam conducted by us in person at any of the designated exam centres.
The exam is optional for a fee of Rs 1000/- (Rupees one thousand only).
Date and Time of Exams: 
24 September 2023 Morning session 9am to 12 noon; Afternoon Session 2pm to 5pm.
Registration url: Announcements will be made when the registration form is open for registrations.
The online registration form has to be filled and the certification exam fee needs to be paid. More details will be made available when the exam registration form is published. If there are any changes, it will be mentioned then.
Please check the form for more details on the cities where the exams will be held, the conditions you agree to when you fill the form etc.


Average assignment score = 25% of average of best 6 assignments out of the total 8 assignments given in the course.
Exam score = 75% of the proctored certification exam score out of 100

Final score = Average assignment score + Exam score

YOU WILL BE ELIGIBLE FOR A CERTIFICATE ONLY IF AVERAGE ASSIGNMENT SCORE >=10/25 AND EXAM SCORE >= 30/75. If one of the 2 criteria is not met, you will not get the certificate even if the Final score >= 40/100.

Certificate will have your name, photograph and the score in the final exam with the breakup.It will have the logos of NPTEL and IIT Roorkee.It will be e-verifiable at nptel.ac.in/noc.

Only the e-certificate will be made available. Hard copies will not be dispatched.

Once again, thanks for your interest in our online courses and certification. Happy learning.

- NPTEL team

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