Underground Mining of Metalliferous deposits

By Prof. Bibhuti Bhusan Mandal, Prof. Kaushik Dey   |   IIT Kharagpur
Learners enrolled: 436
Underground Metal Mining (Underground mining of metalliferous deposits) -
(i) Introduction to Metalliferous mineral deposits, exploration, deposit characterizations, understanding cut-off grade, dilution, optimum recovery, financial impacts etc.
(ii) Access to mineral deposits: Types of access and selection criteria, location, size and shape; Adits, Inclines, Declines, Shafts; Conventional and special methods of excavation, lining, deepening and widening. 
(iii) Lateral and inclined development of openings to mineral blocks; Levels, Drive, Drift, Crosscuts, Raising and Winzing etc. 
(iv) Classification and choice of stoping methods, Methods of stoping: open stoping, supported stoping – breast, underhand and overhand stoping, shrinkage stoping, cut and fill stoping method, sub-level stoping; Introduction to caving methods: top slicing, sub-level caving, block caving; Stope mechanization and level interval. 
(v) Support: Rock bolting, Cable Bolting, Pillar Design; Backfilling: preparation, transportation of mill tailings and filling operation. 
(vi) Safety, Environmental issues and Case studies.

INTENDED AUDIENCE : Students of Mining Engineering, Mining Machinery, Mineral Processing,Earth Sciences (Geology/geophysics etc.)

INDUSTRIES  SUPPORT  : All the Mining and allied industries
Course Status : Completed
Course Type : Core
Duration : 12 weeks
Category :
  • Metallurgy and Material science & Mining Engineering
Credit Points : 3
Level : Undergraduate/Postgraduate
Start Date : 25 Jul 2022
End Date : 14 Oct 2022
Enrollment Ends : 08 Aug 2022
Exam Date : 30 Oct 2022 IST

Note: This exam date is subjected to change based on seat availability. You can check final exam date on your hall ticket.

Page Visits

Course layout

Week-1:Introduction to Metal Mining, their importance, financial impact etc  
Week-2:Exploration, understanding cut-off grade, dilution, recovery etc
Week-3:Access to mineral deposits 
Week-4:Development of openings
Week-5:Development of openings
Week-6:Choice of Stoping methods – qualitative and quantitative analysis
Week-7:Stoping methods
Week-8:Stoping methods
Week-9:Stoping methods
Week-10:Support technology
Week-11:Filling of stopes
Week-12:Safety, Environment and Case studies

Books and references

  1. Hartman H. L., Mutmansky J. M. (2007) Introductory Mining Technology, 2nd Edition, Wiley.
  2. Darling P. (Ed.) (2011) SME handbook Vol 1 and 2, 3rd Edition, SME publications.
  3. Hustrulid W. A., Bullock R. L., Bullock R. C. (Ed.) (2001), Underground Mining Methods: Engineering Fundamentals and International Case Studies, SME Publications.
  4. Potvin Y., Thomas E. D., Fourie A. (Ed.)(2005) Handbook on Mine Fill, Australian Centre for Geomechanics, The University of Western Australia.
  5. Bateman A. M., Jonsen M.L. (2013) Economic Mineral Deposits, John Wiley & Sons
  6. Brady B.H.G., Brown E.T., (2004) Rock Mechanics for Underground Mining. 3rd Edition, Chapman & Hall, London

Instructor bio

Prof. Bibhuti Bhusan Mandal

Bibhuti Bhusan Mandal is an Associate Professor in the Department of Mining Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, India. He holds a Bachelor’s Degree in Mining Engineering, M. Tech (Mining Engineering) and Ph.D. (ESE). He also holds the Mine Manager’s First Class Certificate of Competency issued by the Directorate General of Mines Safety. Dr. Mandal has 22 years of experience in underground mechanized metal mining. Prior to joining I. I. T. KGP, Dr. Mandal worked in Hindustan Copper Limited (HCL/ICC) as Manager (Mines) and in Sikkim Mining Corporation as Deputy General Manager (Tech) and also as Deputy Director in the National Institute of Miners’ Health, Nagpur (under Ministry of Mines, GoI) conducting and coordinating research on environmental and occupational health of mining community. In India, he has conducted pioneering research on equipment induced human vibration and widely published his research on noise and vibration. He currently teaches underground metal mining and Economics of mining enterprises at IIT Kharagpur.

Prof. Kaushik Dey

IIT Kharagpur
Kaushik Dey is an Assistant Professor, Department of Mining Engineering Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, India. He has obtained B.E. (Mining), M. Tech (Opencast Mining) and Ph.D. (Mining) prior to work in the field of Tunneling and Mining sector for few years. Prior to join I. I. T. Kharagpur, Dr. Kaushik Dey was an Assistant Professor in Department of Mining Engineering at National Institute of Technology, Rourkela and at Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad. His research area includes excavation of rock by blasting or by mechanical cutting, mining operations, surface mining, whole body vibration etc. He has published around thirty five research papers in different journals apart from many others presented in the national/international conferences.

Course certificate

The course is free to enroll and learn from. But if you want a certificate, you have to register and write the proctored exam conducted by us in person at any of the designated exam centres.
The exam is optional for a fee of Rs 1000/- (Rupees one thousand only).
Date and Time of Exams: 30 October 2022 Morning session 9am to 12 noon; Afternoon Session 2pm to 5pm.
Registration url: Announcements will be made when the registration form is open for registrations.
The online registration form has to be filled and the certification exam fee needs to be paid. More details will be made available when the exam registration form is published. If there are any changes, it will be mentioned then.
Please check the form for more details on the cities where the exams will be held, the conditions you agree to when you fill the form etc.


Average assignment score = 25% of average of best 8 assignments out of the total 12 assignments given in the course.
Exam score = 75% of the proctored certification exam score out of 100

Final score = Average assignment score + Exam score

YOU WILL BE ELIGIBLE FOR A CERTIFICATE ONLY IF AVERAGE ASSIGNMENT SCORE >=10/25 AND EXAM SCORE >= 30/75. If one of the 2 criteria is not met, you will not get the certificate even if the Final score >= 40/100.

Certificate will have your name, photograph and the score in the final exam with the breakup.It will have the logos of NPTEL and IIT Kharagpur. It will be e-verifiable at nptel.ac.in/noc.

Only the e-certificate will be made available. Hard copies will not be dispatched.

Once again, thanks for your interest in our online courses and certification. Happy learning.

- NPTEL team

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