Biomechanics of Joints and Orthopaedic Implants

By Prof. Sanjay Gupta   |   IIT Kharagpur
Learners enrolled: 1775
Biomechanics is a subject that seeks to understand the mechanics of living system. This subject helps to understand the relationship between structure and function of human joints, predict changes due to alterations, and propose methods of artificial interventions. This course is designed for B.Tech / M.Tech / PhD students who are likely to be benefited by learning the fundamental concepts of Biomechanics, joint kinetics and kinematics, tissue mechanics, implants design and analysis, as well as state-of-the-art techniques of modelling and simulation of biomechanical systems.

INTENDED AUDIENCE :B.Tech / M.Tech / PhD students of Mechanical, Civil, Engineering Design, Biomedical Engineering and Medical students (with special interest)

PRE-REQUISITES   : Engineering Mechanics, Solid Mechanics

INDUSTRY SUPPORT :Global Implant manufacturing companies like DePuy Johnson & Johnson, Zimmer, Stryker, Biomet, Smith & Nephew. Sports Authority of India and organizations requiring knowledge on Human Movement Science.
Course Status : Completed
Course Type : Elective
Duration : 8 weeks
Category :
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Biological Sciences & Bioengineering
Credit Points : 2
Level : Undergraduate/Postgraduate
Start Date : 22 Aug 2022
End Date : 14 Oct 2022
Enrollment Ends : 22 Aug 2022
Exam Date : 30 Oct 2022 IST

Note: This exam date is subjected to change based on seat availability. You can check final exam date on your hall ticket.

Page Visits

Course layout

Week 1: Introduction Musculoskeletal system Bone, Muscle, Ligament, Tendon, Cartilage and Meniscus – structure and function Anatomy of Synovial Joints – Hip, Knee, Shoulder, Elbow
Week 2: Biomechanics of Human Joints: (a) Hip Joint; (b) Knee Joint; (c) Shoulder Joint; (d) Elbow Joint
Week 3: Biomechanics of Gait cycle Gait Analysis Measurement techniques 3-D Motion analysis system – markers, cameras and force platform Lower extremity – hip musculoskeletal forces
Week 4: Joint Kinematics Principle of Forward and Inverse Dynamics Calculations on joint forces and moments Calculations on muscle forces Model-based estimation of musculoskeletal forces during movements
Week 5: Concepts of Stresses and Strain Bone structure - Cancellous and Cortical Bone Mechanical Behaviour of Bone
Bone Adaptation and Viscoelasticity Bone Anisotropy.
Week 6: Biomechanics of Joint Replacement – Hip, Knee, Shoulder, Spine Cemented and Cementless fixation Failure mechanisms of implants Implant Design Considerations
Week 7: Biomechanical modelling techniques and analysis Finite Element Analysis of bone and implant Bone Remodelling – formulation, algorithm, simulation Experimental validation of numerical models
Week 8: Bone Fracture Healing Tissue Differentiation Mechanoregulatory principle Mechanobiology based simulation of bone ingrowth around implants – acetabular and femoral components

Books and references

  1. "Basic Biomechanics of the Musculoskeletal System" by Margareta Nordin and Victor H. Frankel
  2. "Biomechanics and Motor Control of Human Movement" by David A. Winter
  3. “Orthopaedic Biomechanics” by D.L. Bartel, D.T. Davy and T.M. Keaveny

Instructor bio

Prof. Sanjay Gupta

IIT Kharagpur
Professor Sanjay Gupta earned his Ph.D. degree from the Delft University of Technology, The  Netherlands, in the year 2002 for his research on shoulder biomechanics. Subsequently, he worked as  Senior Research Fellow in University of Southampton, UK and as Research Associate in Imperial  College London, UK, where he was involved in a variety of research projects in Orthopaedic  Biomechanics and Implant Design. His primary research areas are bone and joint mechanics, pre clinical analysis of implant design and tissue engineering. He completed his Bachelor’s degree in  Mechanical Engineering from Bengal Engineering College, University of Calcutta in 1989 and Masters  degree in Mechanical Engineering from Jadavpur University, Calcutta in 1992. He has developed  Biomechanics Laboratory in the department and has successfully completed sponsored research  projects, funded by national and international agencies. He has several publications in peer-reviewed  international journals and conferences. He has completed supervision of five PhD scholars and five  more are ongoing. He conducted a two-week GIAN course on “Orthopaedic Biomechanics: Implants  and Biomaterials” in 2015. He has 26 years of teaching and research experience and is currently  working as Professor of Mechanical Engineering, IIT Kharagpur. Please see website for details, https://sites.google.com/view/biomechanics-lab-iitkgp

Course certificate

The course is free to enroll and learn from. But if you want a certificate, you have to register and write the proctored exam conducted by us in person at any of the designated exam centres.
The exam is optional for a fee of Rs 1000/- (Rupees one thousand only).
Date and Time of Exams: 30 October 2022 Morning session 9am to 12 noon; Afternoon Session 2pm to 5pm.
Registration url: Announcements will be made when the registration form is open for registrations.
The online registration form has to be filled and the certification exam fee needs to be paid. More details will be made available when the exam registration form is published. If there are any changes, it will be mentioned then.
Please check the form for more details on the cities where the exams will be held, the conditions you agree to when you fill the form etc.


Average assignment score = 25% of average of best 6 assignments out of the total 8 assignments given in the course.
Exam score = 75% of the proctored certification exam score out of 100

Final score = Average assignment score + Exam score

YOU WILL BE ELIGIBLE FOR A CERTIFICATE ONLY IF AVERAGE ASSIGNMENT SCORE >=10/25 AND EXAM SCORE >= 30/75. If one of the 2 criteria is not met, you will not get the certificate even if the Final score >= 40/100.

Certificate will have your name, photograph and the score in the final exam with the breakup.It will have the logos of NPTEL and IIT Kharagpur. It will be e-verifiable at nptel.ac.in/noc.

Only the e-certificate will be made available. Hard copies will not be dispatched.

Once again, thanks for your interest in our online courses and certification. Happy learning.

- NPTEL team

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