Introduction to Pāṇinian grammar

By Prof. Malhar Kulkarni   |   IIT Bombay
Learners enrolled: 373
About the Course:

This course introduces a reader of basics of Pāṇinian grammar. It provides information related to the grammar written by Pāṇini as well as the tradition which continued to study this grammar and continued to add to it in the course of time and which continues to do so even today. It will introduce the grammar of Pāṇini to linguists, Indologist as well as Computer Scientist in particular.

INTENDED AUDIENCE : Linguists, Indologists.


Course Status : Completed
Course Type : Elective
Duration : 12 weeks
Category :
  • Humanities and Social Sciences
Credit Points : 3
Level : Undergraduate
Start Date : 24 Jan 2022
End Date : 15 Apr 2022
Enrollment Ends : 07 Feb 2022
Exam Date : 23 Apr 2022 IST

Note: This exam date is subjected to change based on seat availability. You can check final exam date on your hall ticket.

Page Visits

Course layout

Week 1: Introduction to Pāṇini, general information of his grammar, Current Pāṇinian tradition, non-Pāṇinian grammatical traditions of Sanskrit, current traditional teaching and learning of Pāṇinian grammar 
Week 2: Meta-language of Pāṇinian grammar, the technique of Pratyāhāra
Week 3: Introduction to the system of markers in the Meta-language of Pāṇinian grammar 
Week 4: Markers and their functions 
Week 5: Process of Speech Production Cognitive stage
Week 6: Process of Speech Production- Cognitive stage + Physical stage
Week 7: Process of Speech Production- Physical stage + properties of sounds as features for grammatical operations  
Week 8: The levels in Pāṇinian grammar-Artha, Śabda and Svara 
Week 9: Types of Sūtras in Pāṇinian grammar-Technical Terms- Dhātu, Prātipadika 
Week 10: Other technical terms- kāraka, vibhakti, apādāna, sampradāna, adhikaraṇa, karaṇa, karma, kartā 
Week 11: Other technical terms- Aṅga, pada, bha, ghi; Meta rules of Pāṇinian grammar-place of substitution, Vidhi rules in Pāṇinian grammar
Week 12: Niyama, Atideśa and Adhikāra rules in Pāṇinian grammar, Svara

Books and references

1. The Aṣṭādhyāyī Sūtrapāṭha of Panini, with Vārtikas, Gaṇa, Dhātupāṭha, Pāṇinīya-śikṣā and Paribhāṣāpāṭha, second edition, edited by C. Sankara Rama Shastri, printed and published by The Shri Bala Manorama Press, Mylapore, Madras, 1937.
2. The Aṣṭādhyāyī of Pāṇini, translated into English by Shrish Chandra Vasu, first published in 1891, reprinted by Motilal Benarsidass, Delhi, 1962. 
3. NLP: A Pāṇinian perspective, Akshar Bharati, 1995. 

Instructor bio

Prof. Malhar Kulkarni

IIT Bombay
Malhar Kulkarni is a student of Pāṇini’s grammar and teaches it at IIT Bombay. Malhar Kulkarni studies Pāṇini’s grammar in the traditional way as well as historical, university way and has been teaching it in both ways for more than 20 years now. He continues to contribute to this tradition by writing in English as well as in Sanskrit. Notable amongst his Sanskrit contributions is Śabdasūtra, an unpublished original sūtra text on Grammar and Language.

Course certificate

The course is free to enroll and learn from. But if you want a certificate, you have to register and write the proctored exam conducted by us in person at any of the designated exam centres.
The exam is optional for a fee of Rs 1000/- (Rupees one thousand only).
Date and Time of Exams: 23 April 2022 Morning session 9am to 12 noon; Afternoon Session 2pm to 5pm.
Registration url: Announcements will be made when the registration form is open for registrations.
The online registration form has to be filled and the certification exam fee needs to be paid. More details will be made available when the exam registration form is published. If there are any changes, it will be mentioned then.
Please check the form for more details on the cities where the exams will be held, the conditions you agree to when you fill the form etc.


Average assignment score = 25% of average of best 8 assignments out of the total 12 assignments given in the course.
Exam score = 75% of the proctored certification exam score out of 100

Final score = Average assignment score + Exam score

YOU WILL BE ELIGIBLE FOR A CERTIFICATE ONLY IF AVERAGE ASSIGNMENT SCORE >=10/25 AND EXAM SCORE >= 30/75. If one of the 2 criteria is not met, you will not get the certificate even if the Final score >= 40/100.

Certificate will have your name, photograph and the score in the final exam with the breakup.It will have the logos of NPTEL and IIT Bombay .It will be e-verifiable at nptel.ac.in/noc.

Only the e-certificate will be made available. Hard copies will not be dispatched.

Once again, thanks for your interest in our online courses and certification. Happy learning.

- NPTEL team

MHRD logo Swayam logo


Goto google play store