Spoken Sanskrit: Basic and Intermediate Levels

By Prof. Anuradha Choudry   |   IIT Kharagpur
Learners enrolled: 1588
The knowledge of Sanskrit is very helpful for anyone who is interested in delving into the original texts relating to various subjects from the Indian traditional knowledge systems. This language, however, is often presented as a difficult language to learn for many and moreover as a classical language of the past that is of no special relevance in the contemporary world. Those who have been exposed to it in school often regard it as nothing more than a scoring subject and have little appreciation for the various dimensions of the language. The objective of this course if to give students a taste of Sanskrit as a living language by introducing them to its basic grammatical structures so that they can start understanding simple texts as well as allow them to use it in daily life. It also seeks to give them an understanding and appreciation of the beauty of the different aspects of this language from its sounds to its rich content so that they feel enthused enough to delve further into it.

INTENDED AUDIENCE: This is a language course and therefore it would be relevant for students from different disciplinary backgrounds of science, technology, computer sciences and humanities and social sciences.
Course Status : Completed
Course Type : Elective
Duration : 12 weeks
Category :
  • Humanities and Social Sciences
Credit Points : 3
Level : Undergraduate/Postgraduate
Start Date : 25 Jul 2022
End Date : 14 Oct 2022
Enrollment Ends : 08 Aug 2022
Exam Date : 30 Oct 2022 IST

Note: This exam date is subjected to change based on seat availability. You can check final exam date on your hall ticket.

Page Visits

Course layout

Week 1  : Introduction: Some Unique characteristics of Sanskrit -Basic introduction of oneself -Simple verbs Daily vocabulary
Week 2  : Introducing different declensions and tenses - 1
Week 3  : Introducing different declensions and tenses - 2
Week 4  : Practice with various verbs in different moods and tenses Summary of the Sentence structure with different questions
Week 5:  Introduction: Some Unique characteristics of Sanskrit,Revision of the main features of Part 1 of Introduction to Basic Spoken Sanskrit,Different verb forms,Daily vocabulary
Week 6,7: Introduction of different declensions in the plural and tenses – 1,Daily Vocabulary,Poetic verses, conversations and stories
Week 8:  Practice with various verbs in different moods and tenses,Summary of the Sentence structures using the plural with different questions
Week 9: Introduction of a few more words ending with consonants and their declensions,An Alternative Conjugation of verbs,Daily vocabulary,Poetic verses, conversations and stories
Week 10: Introduction to their different declensions in singular, dual and plural,New verb forms,Daily Vocabulary,Poetic verses, conversations and stories
Week 11: Introduction to Sandhi,Vowel with vowel / Vowel with consonant / Consonant with consonant / Aspirant with vowel or consonant,Poetic verse, reading and comprehension, conversations
Week 12: Practice with a variety of word endings, various verbs in different moods and tenses,Summary of the Sentence structures using the plural with different questions

Books and references

 1.Kumari, S. (1993) Sanskrita Chitrapadakoshah, Mysuru: Bharatiya Bhasha Sansthanam 
 2.Samkrita-vyavahaara-saahasree( Samskrit-English), New Delhi: Sanskrita Bharati 
 3.Sampad, & Vijay. (2005). The Wonder that is Sanskrit. Pondicherry: Sri Aurobindo Society. 
 4.Satvlekar, S. D. (2013). SanskritSwayamShikshak. Delhi: Rajpal&Sons (Rajpal Publishing).
 5.Shastri, V K. (2012). Teach Yourself Samskrit, Prathama Diksha. Delhi: RashtryiaSanskritaSamsthana. 
 6.Vishwasa (2014). Abhyāsa-pustakam, New Delhi: SamskritaBharati.

Instructor bio

Prof. Anuradha Choudry

IIT Kharagpur
Prof.AnuradhaChoudry is an Assistant Professor at the Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur. She has an interdisciplinary backgroundin Sanskrit, Yoga, Indian Psychology and is well-versed in various languages. In 2007, she was awarded the Erasmus Mundus Scholarship of the European Union for a MLit in Crossways in European Humanities. She has been a Visiting Faculty for Sanskrit in Ghent University, Belgium, and other Institutions and works closely as an Instructor for Yoga Psychology and Sanskrit and mantras for several organizations worldwide including the European Union of Yoga and the Irish Yoga Associationamong others.
She also had conducted and organized several workshops, conferences and seminars in India and abroad. 
Her publications includetwo books on Happiness - Indian Perspectives (2017) and Perspectives on Indian Psychology (2013), several articles and a few book chapters. 

Course certificate

The course is free to enroll and learn from. But if you want a certificate, you have to register and write the proctored exam conducted by us in person at any of the designated exam centres.
The exam is optional for a fee of Rs 1000/- (Rupees one thousand only).
Date and Time of Exams: 30 October 2022 Morning session 9am to 12 noon; Afternoon Session 2pm to 5pm.
Registration url: Announcements will be made when the registration form is open for registrations.
The online registration form has to be filled and the certification exam fee needs to be paid. More details will be made available when the exam registration form is published. If there are any changes, it will be mentioned then.
Please check the form for more details on the cities where the exams will be held, the conditions you agree to when you fill the form etc.


Average assignment score = 25% of average of best 8 assignments out of the total 12 assignments given in the course.
Exam score = 75% of the proctored certification exam score out of 100

Final score = Average assignment score + Exam score

YOU WILL BE ELIGIBLE FOR A CERTIFICATE ONLY IF AVERAGE ASSIGNMENT SCORE >=10/25 AND EXAM SCORE >= 30/75. If one of the 2 criteria is not met, you will not get the certificate even if the Final score >= 40/100.

Certificate will have your name, photograph and the score in the final exam with the breakup.It will have the logos of NPTEL and IIT Kharagpur .It will be e-verifiable at nptel.ac.in/noc.

Only the e-certificate will be made available. Hard copies will not be dispatched.

Once again, thanks for your interest in our online courses and certification. Happy learning.

- NPTEL team

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