Sensors and Actuators

By Prof. Hardik Jeetendra Pandya   |   IISc Bangalore
Learners enrolled: 4755
This course is designed with an aim of educating students in microtechnology and its use to fabricate sensors and systems. The students will have an exposure to sensors and its importance in the real world. The students will also able to understand how to fabricate some of those sensors. Students will have an exposure towards how to fabricate the sensors and its application in real world. The students will provide an understanding on modern day microsensors and micro actuators. The students will have an idea about how to simulate some of those sensors and characterise before fabricating it. Below are some of the course objectives. The first objective of this course is to understand basics of sensors, actuators and their operating principle. The second objective is to educate the students on different types of microfabrication techniques for designing and developing sensors (Several applications from Electronics to Biomedical will be covered). The third objective is to explain working of various types of electrochemical sensors and actuators. Fourth objective is to provide information about interfacing of sensors and signal conditioning circuits to establish any control system or monitoring system. Fifth objective is to provide knowledge about simulation and characterization of different sensors. The final objective is to provide an understanding on characteristic parameters to evaluate sensor performance. INTENDED AUDIENCE: Engineering Students, Faculty from Engineering Colleges PREREQUISITES: Basic Electronics INDUSTRY SUPPORT: None
Course Status : Completed
Course Type : Elective
Duration : 12 weeks
Category :
  • Electrical, Electronics and Communications Engineering
  • Control and Instrumentation
Credit Points : 3
Level : Undergraduate/Postgraduate
Start Date : 24 Jan 2022
End Date : 15 Apr 2022
Enrollment Ends : 07 Feb 2022
Exam Date : 24 Apr 2022 IST

Note: This exam date is subjected to change based on seat availability. You can check final exam date on your hall ticket.

Page Visits

Course layout

Week 1: Basics of Energy Transformation: Transducers, Sensors and Actuators Week 2: Understanding of thin film physics: Application in MOSFET and its variants Week 3: Thin Film Deposition Techniques: Chemical Vapor Deposition (APCVD, LPCVD, UHVCVD, PECVD, ALCVD, HPCVD, MOCVD) Week 4: Thin Film Deposition Techniques: Physical Vapor Deposition (Thermal Deposition, E-beam Evaporation, Sputtering, Pulsed Laser Deposition) Week 5: Basics understanding of Photolithography for pattering layer. Detailed overview of Etching methods. Week 6: Understanding various gas sensors: Optical gas sensor, Metal oxide semiconductor gas sensor, Field effect transistor gas sensor, Piezoelectric gas sensor, Polymer gas sensor, Nano-structured based gas sensors Week 7: Design and fabrication process of Microsensors: Force Sensors, Pressure Sensors, Strain gauges and practical applications Week 8: Explain working principles of Actuators. Piezoelectric and Piezoresistive actuators, micropumps and micro actuators with practical applications Week 9: Understanding basics of microfluidics to assist Photomask design using Clewin Software, pattern transfer techniques, PDMS moulding and degassing, device bonding techniques. Week 10: Simulation, Optimization and characterization of various sensors using COMSOL Multiphysics Week 11: Understanding of Sensor Interfacing with Microprocessor to build electronic system Week 12: Static and Dynamic Characteristic Parameters for Sensors and Actuators, Calibration of Sensor based electronics systems.

Books and references

1. Lecture notes on some topics will be provided by the instructor Pallás-Areny Ramón, and John G. Webster. 2. Sensors and Signal Conditioning Wiley-Blackwell, 2008 Jacob Fraden, Handbook of modern sensors, Springer, Stefan Johann Rupitsch. 3. Piezoelectric Sensors and Actuators: Fundamentals and Applications, Springer, 2018 Senturia S. D. 4. Microsystem Design, Kluwer Academic Publisher, 2001 J.D. Plummer, M.D. Deal, P.G. Griffin 5. Silicon VLSI Technology, Pearson Education, 2001 S.M. Sze (Ed) 6. VLSI Technology, 2 Edition, McGraw Hill, 1988 Madou 7. M Fundamentals of Microfabrication, CRC Press, 1997.

Instructor bio

Prof. Hardik Jeetendra Pandya

IISc Bangalore
Biodata (Self Introduction): Dr. Hardik J. Pandya is an assistant professor in the Department of Electronic Systems Engineering, Division of Electrical Sciences, IISc Bangalore where he is developing Advanced Microsystems and Biomedical Devices Facility for Clinical Research and Biomedical and Electronic (10-6-10-9) Engineering Systems Laboratory to carry out cutting-edge research on novel devices to solve unmet problems in biology and medicine. He is recipient of prestigious Early Career Research Award from Science and Engineering Research Board, Government of India as well as a start-up grant of 228 Lacs from IISc. He has taught Design for Analog Circuits, Analog Integrated Circuits, VLSI technology, and Semiconductor Devices to undergraduate and graduate students from Electronic Engineering, Instrumentation Engineering, and Applied Physics. He seek to understand and exploit novel ways of fabricating microengineering devices using glass, silicon, polymers and integrate with unusual classes of micro/nanomaterials. His research interests include integrating biology/medicine with micro- and nanotechnology to develop innovative tools to solve unmet clinical problems. His current research focuses on flexible sensors for smart catheters, microsensors, microfluidic devices, and microelectromechanical systems, all lately with an emphasis on cancer diagnosis, therapeutics, e-nose, and biomedical device technologies. Before joining IISc, he worked as a postdoctoral scientist in the Department of Mechanical Engineering, Maryland Robotics Center, University of Maryland, College Park and in the Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital–Harvard Medical School affiliated with Harvard-MIT Health Science and Technology. His work has resulted in several patents and publications. His work has been highlighted as “Breaking Research News” by The Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine and has been featured on IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering July 2016 issue cover image as well as IEEE TBME July 2016 feature article for the website and monthly highlights. The work on portable cancer diagnosis tool was also featured on Science Translational Medicine as an Editorial Choice, Breast Cancer Diagnosis, March 2016 and has been highlighted on CapeRay blog as “Biochips and Diagnostic tools” in April 2016. His work has been published in high-quality journals including Lab on a Chip, IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, Sensors and Actuators B, Biosensors and Bioelectronics, Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Letters, Sensors and Transducers, and Journal of Micromechanics and Micromachining.

Course certificate

The course is free to enroll and learn from. But if you want a certificate, you have to register and write the proctored exam conducted by us in person at any of the designated exam centres.
The exam is optional for a fee of Rs 1000/- (Rupees one thousand only).
Date and Time of Exams: 24 April 2022 Morning session 9am to 12 noon; Afternoon Session 2pm to 5pm.
Registration url: Announcements will be made when the registration form is open for registrations.
The online registration form has to be filled and the certification exam fee needs to be paid. More details will be made available when the exam registration form is published. If there are any changes, it will be mentioned then.
Please check the form for more details on the cities where the exams will be held, the conditions you agree to when you fill the form etc.


Average assignment score = 25% of average of best 8 assignments out of the total 12 assignments given in the course.
Exam score = 75% of the proctored certification exam score out of 100

Final score = Average assignment score + Exam score

YOU WILL BE ELIGIBLE FOR A CERTIFICATE ONLY IF AVERAGE ASSIGNMENT SCORE >=10/25 AND EXAM SCORE >= 30/75. If one of the 2 criteria is not met, you will not get the certificate even if the Final score >= 40/100.

Certificate will have your name, photograph and the score in the final exam with the breakup.It will have the logos of NPTEL and IISc Bangalore.It will be e-verifiable at nptel.ac.in/noc.

Only the e-certificate will be made available. Hard copies will not be dispatched.

Once again, thanks for your interest in our online courses and certification. Happy learning.

- NPTEL team

MHRD logo Swayam logo


Goto google play store