Geometric Design of Highways

By Prof. Rajat Rastogi   |   IIT Roorkee
Learners enrolled: 2361
This course on Geometric Design will prepare the students for suitable vacancies in consulting companies which work in the field of Transportation Projects. The student will get complete information on the design factors that need to be considered before planning and designing the road stretches; the elements that constitute a road section based on different expected road users; the design of its horizontal and vertical profile; the estimation of road traffic handling capacity which provides ideas regarding upgradation; the layouts and safety features at an intersection of two or more roads; and finally associated components that are provided as a part of the overall road system. The course will use the IRC and Indo-HCM guidelines during interactions.


INDUSTRY SUPPORT: All Consulting companies related to transportation projects need candidates with this information
Course Status : Ongoing
Course Type : Core
Duration : 12 weeks
Start Date : 25 Jul 2022
End Date : 14 Oct 2022
Exam Date : 29 Oct 2022 IST
Enrollment Ends : 08 Aug 2022
Category :
  • Civil Engineering
Credit Points : 3
Level : Undergraduate/Postgraduate

Page Visits

Course layout

Week-1: Introduction, Design factors, functional classification of roads and Space requirements

Week-2: Sight distances – Factors, types, and sight distance under specific conditions

Week-3: Cross-sectional elements – Profiles, Factors controlling, common elements

Week-4: Cross-sectional elements – Specific elements (bicycle and pedestrian facilities, service roads); Road furniture – Categorization

Week-5: Road furniture – Longitudinal markings, Junction markings, Object markings, Messages, Road Traffic Signs

Week-6: Road Traffic signs, Road furniture – delineators, speed breakers; Alignment – Types, Factors, surveys, Horizontal alignment – guiding principles, simple circular curve 

Week-7: Skidding and overturning control speeds; Superelevation, Extra-widening,
Week-8: Transition curve, Gradients, Vertical curves – general guidelines and types; Alignment coordination and issues. 

Week-9: Good and bad practices; Intersection – Types, Profiles, design principles for at-grade intersections, 

Week-10: Visibility, attributes influencing design, factors affecting layouts, Auxiliary lanes, Channelization and Warrants for signalized intersection; Interchanges – Types, design principles, warrants.

Week-11: Ramps – layouts, terminals, weaving sections, metering, lane balancing; Parking facilities – on-street and off-street, Supply and demand, and characteristics; Bus bays and Shelters. 

Week-12: Truck Lay byes, Bus Rapid Transport stations and terminals; Toll Plaza layout design, Pedestrian over bridge and subway, Kilometer stone, Clearances and Access control

Books and references

  • Wright, Paul H. and Dixon, Karen K., “Highway Engineering”, John Wiley and Sons Inc.
  • Khanna, S.K., Justo, C.E.G. and Veeraghavan, “Highway Engineering”, Nem Chand & Bros.
  • Jotin Khisty, C. and Kent Lall, B., “Transportation Engineering – An Introduction”, Prentice Hall India
  • Kadiyali, L. R., and Lal, N.B., "Principles and Practices of Highway Engineering", Khanna Publishers.
Reference List:
1. IRC:2-1968 Route Marker Signs for National Highways
2. IRC:3-1983 Dimensions and Weights of Road Design Vehicles 
3. IRC:8-1980 Type design for Highway Kilometre stones 
4. IRC:9-1972 Traffic census on non-urban roads 
5. IRC:11-2015 Recommended Practice for the Design and Layout of Cycle Tracks 
6. IRC:25-1967 Type design for boundary stones 
7. IRC:26-1967 Type design for 200-meter stone 
8. IRC:30-1968 Standard Letters and Numerals of Different Heights for Use on Highway Signs
9. IRC:35-2015 Code of Practice for Road Markings 
10. IRC:38-1988 Guidelines for Design of Horizontal Curves for Highways and Design Tables
11. IRC:52-2019 Guidelines for the Alignment Survey and Geometric Design of Hill Roads 
12. IRC:54-1974 Lateral and Vertical Clearance on Underpasses for Vehicular Traffic
13. IRC:62-1976 Guidelines for Control of Access on Highways 
14. IRC:67-2012 Code of Practice for Road Signs 
15. IRC:66-1976 Recommended Practice for Sight Distance on Rural Highways 
16. IRC:69-1977 Space Standards for Roads in Urban Areas 
17. IRC:70-2017 Guidelines on Regulation and Control of Mixed Traffic in Urban Areas 
18. IRC:73-1980 Geometric Design Standards for Rural (Non-Urban) Highways 
19. IRC:79-2019 Recommended practice for Road Delineators 
20. IRC:80 – 1981 Type Designs for Pick-up Bus Stops on Rural (i.e. Non-Urban) Highways 
21. IRC:86-2018 Geometric Design Standards for Urban Roads and Streets 
22. IRC:92-2017 Guidelines for the Design of Interchanges in Urban Areas
23. IRC:99-2018 Guidelines for Traffic Calming Measures in Urban and Rural Areas 
24. IRC:102-1988 Traffic Studies for Planning Bypasses around Towns
25. IRC:103-2012 Guidelines for Pedestrian Facilities 
26. IRC:108-2015 Guidelines for Traffic Forecast on Highways 
27. IRC:119-2015 Guidelines for Traffic Safety Barriers
28. IRC:124-2017 Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) Design Guidelines for Indian Cities
29. IRC:SP:12-2015 Tentative Recommendations on the Provision of Parking Spaces for Urban Areas  
30. IRC:SP:19-2020 Manual for Survey Investigation and Preparation of Road Projects 
31. IRC:SP-23-1983 Vertical Curves for Highways
32. IRC:SP-41-1994 Guidelines for the Design of At-Grade Intersections in Rural and Urban Areas
33. IRC:SP:43-1994 Guidelines on Low-Cost Traffic Management Techniques for Urban Areas 
34. IRC:SP:48-1998 Hill Road Manual 
35. IRC:SP:56-2011 Guidelines for Steel Pedestrian Bridges 
36. IRC:SP:73-2018 Manual of Standards and Specifications for Two-laning of State Highways 
37. IRC:SP:84-2019 Manual of Standards and Specifications for Four-laning of Highways 
38. IRC:SP-85-2011 Guidelines for Variable Message Signs
39. IRC:SP:87-2019 Manual of Standards and Specifications for Six-laning of Highways 
40. IRC:SP-90-2010 Manual for Grade Separators and Elevated Structures
41. IRC:SP:99-2013 Manual of Standards and Specifications for Expressways 
42. IRC:SP:117-2018 Manual on Universal Accessibility for Urban Roads and Streets
43. IRC:SP:118-2018 Manual for Planning and Development of Urban Roads and Streets
44. IRC:SP:128-2020 Guidelines for Green Urban Road Manual
45. Indo-Highway Capacity Manual (2017), CSIR – Central Roads Research Institute.
46. Highway Capacity Manual (2010) Transportation Research Board of the National Academics, Washington D.C.

Instructor bio

Prof. Rajat Rastogi

IIT Roorkee
Prof. Rajat Rastogi is a Professor in Transportation Engineering Group of Civil Engineering Department at IIT Roorkee. He has teaching experience of 31 years. He has taught transportation related Courses like Transportation Engineering-I and II, Highway Engineering, Geometric Design, Railway Engineering and Airport Planning, Transportation Planning (and Traffic Engineering). He has contributed to NPTEL course on Railway Engineering which is widely referred. He possesses academic qualification as BE in Civil Engineering and ME in Highway Engineering, and PhD in Transportation Systems Engineering from IIT Bombay.

Course certificate

The course is free to enroll and learn from. But if you want a certificate, you have to register and write the proctored exam conducted by us in person at any of the designated exam centres.
The exam is optional for a fee of Rs 1000/- (Rupees one thousand only).
Date and Time of Exams: 29 October 2022 Morning session 9am to 12 noon; Afternoon Session 2pm to 5pm.
Registration url: Announcements will be made when the registration form is open for registrations.
The online registration form has to be filled and the certification exam fee needs to be paid. More details will be made available when the exam registration form is published. If there are any changes, it will be mentioned then.
Please check the form for more details on the cities where the exams will be held, the conditions you agree to when you fill the form etc.


Average assignment score = 25% of average of best 8 assignments out of the total 12 assignments given in the course.
Exam score = 75% of the proctored certification exam score out of 100

Final score = Average assignment score + Exam score

YOU WILL BE ELIGIBLE FOR A CERTIFICATE ONLY IF AVERAGE ASSIGNMENT SCORE >=10/25 AND EXAM SCORE >= 30/75. If one of the 2 criteria is not met, you will not get the certificate even if the Final score >= 40/100.

Certificate will have your name, photograph and the score in the final exam with the breakup.It will have the logos of NPTEL and IIT Roorkee. It will be e-verifiable at nptel.ac.in/noc.

Only the e-certificate will be made available. Hard copies will not be dispatched.

Once again, thanks for your interest in our online courses and certification. Happy learning.

- NPTEL team

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