Architectural Conservation And Historic Preservation

By Prof. Sanghamitra Basu   |   IIT Kharagpur
Learners enrolled: 2297
This course is designed to address historic preservation and conservation as an approach that establishes a link between past, present and future. Idea is to familiarize the course participants with issues and challenges of heritage areas, about opportunities of heritage structures, sites, precincts and areas, of the need of integrating development with heritage preservation. Evolution of conservation movement, changing concepts and role and policies of various agencies involved in the field of conservation are discussed.  Along with definitions and concepts of conservation and heritage, and explanation of various types of heritage, participants are introduced to the international framework of conservation and world heritage scenario. The importance of establishing significance of heritage structures is highlighted through examples. Guidelines for preservation, conservation and restoration of heritage structures, precincts and sites and the process of impact assessment are explained through various case studies. The process of evolving design guidelines for new buildings in historic settings is elaborated with the help of appropriate examples. Along with exposure to management and presentation of heritage buildings and sites, the importance of community participation in the field of heritage conservation is highlighted.   An overview of the current status of conservation and preservation in India along with current policies and programmes is also discussed.  

INTENDED AUDIENCE : Architect, Urban Planner, Conservation Architect, Urban Designer, Civil Engineer, Archaeologist,Artist, Musicologist, Historian, Tourism Managers, Administrators. 


Archaeological Survey, State Archaeology Departments, Tourism Departments, Public Works Departments, Development Authorities, Planning Authorities, Municipal Organisations, Local Planning Bodies, Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage (INTACH) and NGOs.
Course Status : Completed
Course Type : Elective
Duration : 8 weeks
Category :
  • Civil Engineering
  • Architecture and Planning
Credit Points : 2
Level : Postgraduate
Start Date : 25 Jul 2022
End Date : 16 Sep 2022
Enrollment Ends : 08 Aug 2022
Exam Date : 25 Sep 2022 IST

Note: This exam date is subjected to change based on seat availability. You can check final exam date on your hall ticket.

Page Visits

Course layout

Week 1: Course overview and introduction, heritage conservation- need, debate and purpose;  understanding heritage and types of heritage resources, values and significance. 
Week 2: Significance and value assessment,   approaches of conservation.
Week 3: Divergent approaches and ethics of conservation; history of conservation movement; concepts and definitions; international agencies like ICCROM, UNESCO and their role in conservation.
Week 4: World Heritage Sites, selection criteria, authenticity and integrity, case studies, endangered sites.
Week 5: Causes of decay; listing, documentation and assessment of heritage structures, sites and precincts.
Week 6: Investigation, state of preservation and preparing conservation report, case studies; guidelines for maintenance and repair.
Week 7:  Categories, types and issues of heritage precincts, zones and historic areas; planning for heritage districts, towns and cities; selected case studies.
Week 8 : Design of new building in historic settings, townscape analysis , visual integration;  heritage impact assessment; adaptive reuse of heritage structures ; organisational framework and heritage site management ,financial incentives and planning tools; role of agencies in safeguarding heritage in India ;  role of voluntary organisations and  community participation;  interpretation and presentation of historic sites;    heritage tourism;  potential and opportunities of heritage conservation.  

Books and references

1.   Appleyard, D. (Ed.). (1979). The Conservation of European Cities.  Massachusetts: M.I.T. Press.
2.       Basu, S., Mukerji A (Eds.) (2017). Integrated Urban Conservation: An Approach towards Development, ISBN: 978-93-5268-866-1,       Kharagpur: Department of Architecture and Regional Planning, IIT, Kharagpur.
3.       Croci, G. (1998).  The Conservation and Structural Restoration of Architectural Heritage. Southampton, UK: WIT Press.
4.       Fitch, J.M. (Reprint edition 1990). Historic Preservation: Curatorial Management of the Built World. Virginia:  University Press of Virginia.
5.       Cullinane, J. J. (2012).  Maintaining and Repairing Old and Historic Buildings. Wiley-Blackwell.
6.       Evans, N.L. (2014).   An Introduction to Architectural Conservation: Philosophy, Legislation and Practice. London: RIBA Publishing.  
7.       Feilden, B. M. (2003). Conservation of Historic Buildings. London: Routledge.
8.       Glendenning, M. (2013). The Conservation Movement: A History of Architectural Preservation: Antiquity to Modernity. London: Routledge.
9.       Stipe, R.E. (2003). A Richer Heritage: Historic Preservation in the Twenty-first Century.  North Carolina:  The University of North Carolina    Press.

Instructor bio

Prof. Sanghamitra Basu

IIT Kharagpur
Sanghamitra BasuPhD , MA ( Conservation Studies ,  IAAS , York. UK), Post Graduate ( Urban Planning , School of Planning and Architecture , New Delhi), B Arch ( Hons. ) ,  a DANIDA and Charles Wallace Fellow , is currently  a Professor in the Department of Architecture & Regional Planning,  Indian Institute of Technology ( IIT )  Kharagpur, India . She has 33 years of experience in teaching at undergraduate and post graduate levels. She has been active in research and consultancy projects in the field of historic preservation and heritage planning, sustainable tourism, heritage management, participatory planning, housing and neighbourhood planning, GIS application and   architectural pedagogy. She has several publications in journals, chapters in books, monograph and papers presented in international and national conferences. She has guided Ph D works in postmodern and traditional architecture, on social cohesion and gated communities. At present she has several scholars working under her supervision in the fields of cultural heritage, tourism planning, neighbourhood planning, improving quality of life of senior citizens etc.  She is a member of editorial / review boards of several peer reviewed journals. She served as a member of the National Monuments Authority, Ministry of Culture, Government of India, during 2011-2014. She is  an active member of  ICOMOS India ( as  a member and coordinator of Scientific Committees, member of National Advisory Committee - ICOMOS General Assembly & Scientific Symposium held in 2017 in  India ) , a  member of technical committees for restoration of heritage structures ,  on expert panel of INTACH and ASI , and a visiting expert to several academic institutions . 

Course certificate

The course is free to enroll and learn from. But if you want a certificate, you have to register and write the proctored exam conducted by us in person at any of the designated exam centres.
The exam is optional for a fee of Rs 1000/- (Rupees one thousand only).
Date and Time of Exams: 25 September 2022 Morning session 9am to 12 noon; Afternoon Session 2pm to 5pm.
Registration url: Announcements will be made when the registration form is open for registrations.
The online registration form has to be filled and the certification exam fee needs to be paid. More details will be made available when the exam registration form is published. If there are any changes, it will be mentioned then.
Please check the form for more details on the cities where the exams will be held, the conditions you agree to when you fill the form etc.


Average assignment score = 25% of average of best 6 assignments out of the total 8 assignments given in the course.
Exam score = 75% of the proctored certification exam score out of 100

Final score = Average assignment score + Exam score

YOU WILL BE ELIGIBLE FOR A CERTIFICATE ONLY IF AVERAGE ASSIGNMENT SCORE >=10/25 AND EXAM SCORE >= 30/75. If one of the 2 criteria is not met, you will not get the certificate even if the Final score >= 40/100.

Certificate will have your name, photograph and the score in the final exam with the breakup.It will have the logos of NPTEL and IIT Kharagpur .It will be e-verifiable at nptel.ac.in/noc.

Only the e-certificate will be made available. Hard copies will not be dispatched.

Once again, thanks for your interest in our online courses and certification. Happy learning.

- NPTEL team

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