Photogeology in Terrain Evaluation (Part 1 And 2)

By Prof. Javed N. Malik   |   IIT Kanpur
Learners enrolled: 418
The course introduces the student to a globally applied tool known as Photogeology or Geo-photography; a technique first structured by the United States in late 19th century and later incorporated in United State Geological Survey. The weekly modules will demonstrate the concept and principles of Photogeology and its applications in real life. Students will learn reading the aerial and satellite photographs under the stereoscope and to generate a 3D view of the terrain. Using this tool they will be able to extract all types of information of the earth surface for various engineering and scientific purpose and projects. Students will have wonderful experience of aerial view of the earth surface and will extract information of land forms, sub-surface structures, and rock types etc. toper form terrain evaluation.

INTENDED AUDIENCE : Any Interested Learners


Course Status : Completed
Course Type : Elective
Duration : 8 weeks
Category :
  • Civil Engineering
Credit Points : 2
Level : Undergraduate
Start Date : 26 Jul 2021
End Date : 17 Sep 2021
Enrollment Ends : 09 Aug 2021
Exam Date : 26 Sep 2021 IST

Note: This exam date is subjected to change based on seat availability. You can check final exam date on your hall ticket.

Page Visits

Course layout

Week 1: Introduction to Photogeology and its Applications,Aerial Photography/ Satellite Imaging and their Applications, Aerial/ Satellite Photographs and Exercise on handling photographs,Principles of Stereoscopy and Exercise on creating 3D image using Stereoscope
Week 2: Photogrammetry , Exercise on Elements of Photo Interpretation and Line of Flight, Photogrammetry, Exercise on Photographic Measurements and Photo Scale, Role of Vertical Exaggeration in, Photogrammetry, Related Lab Exercise, Role of Relief Displacement in Photogrammetry - Related Lab Exercise,Concept of Stereoscopic Parallax - Related Lab Exercise
Week 3: Introduction to Lithology  Sedimentary Rocks,Introduction to Lithology  Metamorphic Rocks,Introduction to Lithology  Igneous Rocks ,Related Exercise,Introduction to Physical and Structural geology,Introduction to Physical and Structural geology
Week 4: Introduction to Physical and Structural geology  Related Exercise on Identification of structures,Fluvial Geomorphology Exercise on Landform Mapping, Fluvial Geomorphology  Exercise on Terrace Mapping,Morphometric Analysis  Exercise on performing Morphometric Analysis,Generation of Anaglyph using Stereo-pair in ENVI software  Lab Exercise
Week 5: Introduction to Physical and Structural, geology, Introduction to Physical and Structural geology - Related Exercise on Identification of structures,Introduction to Lithology, Sedimentary Rocks
Week 6: Introduction to Lithology, Sedimentary Rocks, Metamorphic,Rocks, Igneous Rocks
Week 7: Fluvial Geomorphology Exercise on,Landform Mapping, Coastal and Aeolian Landforms, Active Tectonics and Geomorphology
Week 8: Active Tectonics and Geomorphology,Morphometric Analysis – Exercise on performing Morphometric Analysis ,Photogeology in Lithological Mapping

Books and references

  1. Lueder D. R., Aerial Photographic Interpretation, McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1959.
  2. Miller, Photogeology, McGraw-Hill, 1961.
  3. Pandey S. N, Principles and Applications of Photogeology, Wiley Eastern, 1987.
  4. Books on Geomorphology and Structural Geology.
  5. Keller, E, A., Environmental Geology, Prentice Hall, 9th edition, 2011. 
  6. Lillesand, T. M. & Kiefer, R. W., Remote Sensing and Image Interpretation, John Wiley & Sons, 3rd edition 1994.
  7. Gupta, R. P., Remote Sensing Geology, Springer, 2nd edition, 2003.

Instructor bio

Prof. Javed N. Malik

IIT Kanpur
- The instructor finished his Ph. D in 1998 from M. S. University Baroda, Vadodara. Gujarat (Geology), did Post-Doctrate (Japan Society for Promotion of Science) from (1999-2001) Hiroshima University, JAPAN. 
- Joined IIT Kanpur in 2001. 

Area of Specialization: Active Tectonics, Paleoseismology and Paleo-tsunami 

Current Areas of Research: 
• Active fault mapping and Paleoseismological studies along NW Himalaya and Kachchh 
• Paleo-Tsunami studies in Andaman & Nicobar Islands 
• Collaboration with Japan, US and France – related to earthquake and tsunami studies 

Research Projects: 
• Active tectonic investigation along northwestern Himalayan foothill zone, sponsored by DST 
• Active fault mapping and paleoseismic investigations in Kachchh region. Gujarat, by OYO International Japan. 
• Active Tectonic investigations around South-Middle Andaman and Car Nicobar Islands, A&N Islands, sponsored by INCOIS, Hyderabad, MoES.

Course certificate

The course is free to enroll and learn from. But if you want a certificate, you have to register and write the proctored exam conducted by us in person at any of the designated exam centres.
The exam is optional for a fee of Rs 1000/- (Rupees one thousand only).
Date and Time of Exams: 26 September 2021 Morning session 9am to 12 noon; Afternoon Session 2pm to 5pm.
Registration url: Announcements will be made when the registration form is open for registrations.
The online registration form has to be filled and the certification exam fee needs to be paid. More details will be made available when the exam registration form is published. If there are any changes, it will be mentioned then.
Please check the form for more details on the cities where the exams will be held, the conditions you agree to when you fill the form etc.


Average assignment score = 25% of average of best 6 assignments out of the total 8 assignments given in the course.
Exam score = 75% of the proctored certification exam score out of 100

Final score = Average assignment score + Exam score

YOU WILL BE ELIGIBLE FOR A CERTIFICATE ONLY IF AVERAGE ASSIGNMENT SCORE >=10/25 AND EXAM SCORE >= 30/75. If one of the 2 criteria is not met, you will not get the certificate even if the Final score >= 40/100.

Certificate will have your name, photograph and the score in the final exam with the breakup.It will have the logos of NPTEL and IIT Kanpur .It will be e-verifiable at nptel.ac.in/noc.

Only the e-certificate will be made available. Hard copies will not be dispatched.

Once again, thanks for your interest in our online courses and certification. Happy learning.

- NPTEL team

MHRD logo Swayam logo


Goto google play store