Micro Irrigation Engineering

By Prof. Kamlesh Narayan Tiwari   |   IIT Kharagpur
Learners enrolled: 469
Water scarcity and inefficient water resource management technologies are the main challenges in developing countries like India. India has only 4% of the World's freshwater resources, out of which 85 % of water is used for agriculture. Irrigation is the backbone of agriculture, and the efficient utilisation of irrigation water is possible only by the adoption of highly efficient irrigation methods, such as micro irrigation. Micro-irrigation provides water to plant(s) in precise amount, at right time and at appropriate place. In this course contains the basic fundamentals of fluid mechanics, flow through pump, filters, pipes and water dispensing from fine small orifices. The course also covers design, installation, operation, automation and evaluation of micro-irrigation system. This course will be useful to the Graduate, Post Graduate and Ph. D students of Agricultural Engineering, Civil Engineering, and Agricultural Science. This course will also be useful to Micro-Irrigation Industry professionals and field practising Engineers.

INTENDED AUDIENCE : Students and Faculty of Agricultural Universities,IIT, NIT, Micro irrigation Industry professionals,Researchers working in the area of Precision Agriculture and Entrepreneurs
PRE- REQUISITES : B. Tech in Agricultural Engineering/Civil Engineering.
  M.Sc in Horticulture/Soil Science/Agronomy
SUPPORTED INDUSTRIES : 1. Netafim Irrigation India Pvt. Ltd., Vadodara (Gujarat)
2. Jain Irrigation Systems Limited, Jalgaon (Maharashtra)
3. Premier Irrigation Adritec Pvt. Ltd, Kolkata (West Bengal)
4. Kothari Drip Irrigation Systems Ltd, Kunnathur (Tamil Nadu)
5. Rivulis Irrigation India Pvt. Ltd., Secunderabad (Telangana)

Course Status : Upcoming
Course Type : Elective
Duration : 12 weeks
Start Date : 26 Jul 2021
End Date : 15 Oct 2021
Exam Date : 24 Oct 2021
Enrollment Ends : 02 Aug 2021
Category :
  • Agricultural and Food Engineering
Credit Points : 3
Level : Undergraduate/Postgraduate

Course layout

Week 1: 

Lecture 1: Micro-Irrigation: Introduction and Scope
Lecture 2: Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics and its Application
in Micro Irrigation
Lecture 3: Soil Water Concept
Lecture 4: Soil Water Constants and Infiltration
Lecture 5: Tutorial 1-Numerical Examples on Fluid Mechanics
and Soil Water

Week 2 : 

Lecture 6: Evapotranspiration
Lecture 7: Determination of Evapotranspiration
Lecture 8: Crop Coefficients and Crop Water Requirement
Lecture 9: Demonstration of Agro-Meteorological Instruments
Lecture 10: Demonstration of Lysimeter
Lecture 11: Tutorial 2 - Numerical Examples on Crop Water

Week 3 : 

Lecture 12: Irrigation Scheduling
Lecture 13: Soil and Plant Water Monitoring Instruments
Lecture 14: Measurement of Irrigation Water
Lecture 15: Irrigation Efficiency
Lecture 16: Tutorial 3 - Numerical Examples on Irrigation
Water Management
Week 4: 

Lecture 17: Introduction of Water Lifts and Pumps
Lecture 18: Variable Displacement Pumps
Lecture 19: Irrigation Water Quality
Lecture 20: Tutorial 4 - Numerical Examples on Water
Measurements and Pumps
Lecture 21: Irrigation Methods

Week 5: 

Lecture 22: Micro Irrigation System: Concept and Types
Lecture 23: Drip Irrigation: Introduction and Types
Lecture 24: Drip Irrigation: Design Considerations & System
Lecture 25: Types and Selection of Emission Devices
Lecture 26: Hydraulics of Drip Irrigation System Pipe Network 

Week 6:

Lecture 27: Tutorial 5 - Numerical Example on Design of Drip
Irrigation System
Lecture 28: Fertigation
Lecture 29: Fertigation Application Methods
Lecture 30: Drip Irrigation: Filtration System
Lecture 31: Tutorial 6 - Numerical Examples on Emission
Devices and Fertigation  

Week 7:
Lecture 32: Installation and Operation of Drip Irrigation System
Lecture 33: Maintenance of Drip Irrigation System
Lecture 34: Demonstration of Drip Irrigation Components and
Evaluation of Drip Emitters
Lecture 35: Soil Water Movement under a Drip Emitter
Lecture 36: Design and Development of Drip Emitters

Week 8:

Lecture 37: Tutorial 7- Numerical Examples on Drip Irrigation 
Lecture 38: Micro Sprinkler Irrigation System
Lecture 39: Bubbler Irrigation System 
Lecture 40: Sprinkler Irrigation System
Lecture 41: Sprinkler Irrigation System Design

Week 9 : 
Lecture 42: Performance Evaluation of Sprinkler Irrigation
Lecture 43: Tutorial 8 - Numerical Examples on Sprinkler
Irrigation System
Lecture 44: Tutorial 9 - Numerical Examples on Design of
Sprinkler Irrigation System
Lecture 45: Sprinkler Irrigation System: Layout, Installation,
Operation and Maintenance

Week 10:

Lecture 46: Standards and Quality Assurance of Drip Irrigation
System Components
Lecture 47: Standards and Quality Assurance of Sprinkler
Irrigation System Components
Lecture 48: Solar PV System for Irrigation (Part 1)
Lecture 49: Solar PV System for Irrigation (Part 2)
Lecture 50: Tutorial 10 - Numerical Examples on Solar PV
Irrigation System 

Week 11:

Lecture 51: Automation of Micro Irrigation System (Part 1)
Lecture 52: Automation of Micro Irrigation System (Part 2)
Lecture 53: Automation of Micro Irrigation System (Part 3)
Lecture 54: Automation of Micro Irrigation System (Part 4)`  
Lecture 55: Economic Analysis of MIS (Part 1)

Week 12:

Lecture 56: Economic Analysis of MIS (Part 2)
Lecture 57: Economic Analysis of MIS (Part 3)
Lecture 58: Tutorial 11- Numerical Examples on Economics of
Lecture 59: Precision Agriculture
Lecture 60: Micro Irrigation Engineering: Epilogue  

Books and references

1. Ćulibrk, D., Vukobratovic, D., Minic, V., Fernandez, M. A., Osuna, J. A., & Crnojevic, V. (2014). Sensing technologies for precision irrigation. Springer New York. 
2. Goyal, M. R. (2012). Management of drip/trickle or micro-irrigation. CRC Press. 
3. Holler, J., Tsiatsis, V., Mulligan, C., Karnouskos, S., Avesand, S., & Boyle, D. (2014). Internet of Things. Academic Press. 
4. James, Larry G. (1988). Principle of Farm Irrigation System Design, John Wiley and Sons, New York. 
5. Keller, J., & Bliesner, R. D. (1990). Sprinkle and trickle irrigation. 
6. Keller, J., & Karmeli, D. (1974). Trickle irrigation design parameters. Transactions of the ASAE, 17(4), 678-0684. 
7. Lamm, F. R., Ayars, J. E., & Nakayama, F. S. (2006). Microirrigation for crop production: design, operation, and management. Elsevier. 
8. Michael, A.M. (1982). Irrigation: Theory and Practice, Vikas Publishing House Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi. 
9. Srinivasan, A. (Ed.). (2006). Handbook of precision agriculture: principles and applications. CRC press. 
10. Vermesan, O., & Friess, P. (Eds.). (2013). Internet of things: converging technologies for smart environments and integrated ecosystems. River publishers.

Instructor bio

Prof. Kamlesh Narayan Tiwari

IIT Kharagpur
Prof. Kamlesh Narayan Tiwari is Emeritus Professor, at Agricultural and Food Engineering Department of IIT Kharagpur. Prof. Tiwari has more than 36 years of experience in the field of Irrigation and Water resources Management. He has taught several courses related to Land and Water Resource Engineering to UG/PG/PhD students. He has developed infrastructure for conducting indoor irrigation and On Farm field irrigation laboratory and demonstration set-up of Microirrigation System at Agricultural and Food Engineering Department, IIT Kharagpur. Major research infrastructure facilities are developed in the field of micro irrigation in field crops, protected cultivation structures, hydrology, water balance monitoring system in the experimental farm at IIT Kharagpur and Digital Image Processing facilities which are unique in the country and the World. He has developed Hardware and Software for precise application of water to the plants irrigated using Micro Irrigation (MI). Seven Patents are to his credit on these innovations. He has been the Principal Investigator of more than 10 Sponsored Research Projects dealing with water conservation and management which are the thrust areas of Water Resources and management Development having national importance. Prof. K. N. Tiwari has published more than 100 research papers in the Journals of Internationally Repute, 2 International monograms on Remote Sensing Applications, training manuals and technical bulletins. He received UNESCO and DAAD Fellowships for Post Doctoral research studies. He has been honoured with the Fellow of the i) Indian Water Resources Society (IWRS), ii) Indian Society of Agricultural Engineers, iii) National Academy of Sciences (NASc) India, and iv) National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS). He is recipient of i) Eminent Water Resources Scientist Award (2016) of IIT Roorkee, ii) Rafi Ahmed Kidwai award (2014) of ICAR, New Delhi, iii) Hari Krishna Shastri Memorial award (2013) of IARI, New Delhi, iv) Shankar Memorial award (1998) of ISAE, and v) Commendation Medal (1994) from ISAE.

Course certificate

The course is free to enroll and learn from. But if you want a certificate, you have to register and write the proctored exam conducted by us in person at any of the designated exam centres.
The exam is optional for a fee of Rs 1000/- (Rupees one thousand only).
Date and Time of Exams: 24 October 2021 Morning session 9am to 12 noon; Afternoon Session 2pm to 5pm.
Registration url: Announcements will be made when the registration form is open for registrations.
The online registration form has to be filled and the certification exam fee needs to be paid. More details will be made available when the exam registration form is published. If there are any changes, it will be mentioned then.
Please check the form for more details on the cities where the exams will be held, the conditions you agree to when you fill the form etc.


Average assignment score = 25% of average of best 8 assignments out of the total 12 assignments given in the course.
Exam score = 75% of the proctored certification exam score out of 100

Final score = Average assignment score + Exam score

YOU WILL BE ELIGIBLE FOR A CERTIFICATE ONLY IF AVERAGE ASSIGNMENT SCORE >=10/25 AND EXAM SCORE >= 30/75. If one of the 2 criteria is not met, you will not get the certificate even if the Final score >= 40/100.

Certificate will have your name, photograph and the score in the final exam with the breakup.It will have the logos of NPTEL and IIT Kharagpur .It will be e-verifiable at nptel.ac.in/noc.

Only the e-certificate will be made available. Hard copies will not be dispatched.

Once again, thanks for your interest in our online courses and certification. Happy learning.

- NPTEL team

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