Solid State Physics

By Prof. Amal Kumar Das   |   IIT Kharagpur
In universe, matter is observable in everyday life in four states: solid, liquid, gas and plasma.   There are other states of mater known to exist only under extreme situations. Matter, whatever the states, is made of atoms. The states are defined in terms of interatomic distance, atomic arrangement and atomic ionization in matter. In solid state of matter, the arrangement of atoms forms different structure of materials. The structure of materials is the key deciding factor for different kind of properties, such as thermal, electrical, optical, magnetic, dielectric etc. In this course we will learn the structure of solid materials and their different physical properties along with underlying physics. 

INTENDED AUDIENCE : B.Sc in Physics, Chemistry, Electronics ,B.E and B.Tech in Material Science,Metallurgy, Cryogenics, Electronics 
PRE-REQUISITES         : Nil
INDUSTRY SUPPORT   : Solid state physics has the most striking impact on the solid state electronics. The industries of electronics, telecommunication and
  instrumentation will recognize this course.

Learners enrolled: 4004


Course Status : Ongoing
Course Type : Core
Duration : 12 weeks
Start Date : 14 Sep 2020
End Date : 04 Dec 2020
Exam Date : 20 Dec 2020
Enrollment Ends : 25 Sep 2020
Category :
  • Physics
  • Level : Undergraduate

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    Week 1: Atom to solid structure
    Week 2: Crystal symmetry, unit cells and crystal planes
    Week 3: Real space and reciprocal space of crystals 
    Week 4: X-ray diffraction and determination of  crystal structures
    Week 5: Thermal Properties of Solids
    Week 6: Free electron theory of solids
    Week 7: Band structure of solids
    Week 8: Semiconducting property of solids
    Week 9:  Superconductivity
    Week 10: Diamagnetism and paramagnetism
    Week 11: Ferromagnetism and antiferromagnetism
    Week 12: Dielectrics and Ferroelectrics


    1. Elementary Solid State Physics – A short Course by Charles Kittel.
    2. Introduction to Solid State Physics by Charles Kittel.
    3. Solid State Physics by A. J. Dekker.
    4. Elements of X-ray Diffraction By B. D. Cullity


    Prof. Amal Kumar Das

    IIT Kharagpur
    After completion of B. Sc (Hons) in Physics and M. Sc in Physics in 1994, Prof. Amal Kumar Das did Ph. D on experimental physics and material science from Institute of Physics, Bhubaneswar. After completing post-doctoral research on experimental physics from Paul Drude Institute, Berlin, Germany, Prof. Das joined as a Faculty in Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur in 2004 and teaching different subject to UG and PG students including experiments in teaching laboratory of all levels starting from 1st year of B. tech/ B Sc/integrated M. Sc to Ph. D. Prior to join here, Prof. Das took experimental physics laboratory for four years to B. Sc students in an undergraduate college named Malda College under North Bengal University, West Bengal.


    The course is free to enroll and learn from. But if you want a certificate, you have to register and write the proctored exam conducted by us in person at any of the designated exam centres.
    The exam is optional for a fee of Rs 1000/- (Rupees one thousand only).
    Date and Time of Exams: 20 December 2020 Morning session 9am to 12 noon; Afternoon Session 2pm to 5pm.
    Registration url: Announcements will be made when the registration form is open for registrations.
    The online registration form has to be filled and the certification exam fee needs to be paid. More details will be made available when the exam registration form is published. If there are any changes, it will be mentioned then.
    Please check the form for more details on the cities where the exams will be held, the conditions you agree to when you fill the form etc.


    Average assignment score = 25% of average of best 8 assignments out of the total 12 assignments given in the course.
    Exam score = 75% of the proctored certification exam score out of 100

    Final score = Average assignment score + Exam score

    YOU WILL BE ELIGIBLE FOR A CERTIFICATE ONLY IF AVERAGE ASSIGNMENT SCORE >=10/25 AND EXAM SCORE >= 30/75. If one of the 2 criteria is not met, you will not get the certificate even if the Final score >= 40/100.

    Certificate will have your name, photograph and the score in the final exam with the breakup.It will have the logos of NPTEL and IIT Kharagpur .It will be e-verifiable at nptel.ac.in/noc

    Only the e-certificate will be made available. Hard copies will not be dispatched.

    Once again, thanks for your interest in our online courses and certification. Happy learning.

    - NPTEL team