Solar Energy Engineering and Technology

By Prof. Pankaj Kalita   |   IIT Guwahati
The course content is designed to provide comprehensive knowledge on solar radiation, analysis of solar radiation data, fundamentals of the solar thermal and photovoltaic system along with storage of energy required for effective design of efficient solar energy conversion devices. The concepts will be illustrated with practical examples, schematics and block diagrams wherever required. A sufficient number of numerical problems with solutions will be discussed in the course. This course is specifically designed for undergraduate and postgraduate students of Energy Engineering and Technology. Further, the course will be very much useful for students and researchers from varied academic backgrounds for the synthesis of novel energy conversion devices and processes.

UG, PG and Doctorate students
PREREQUISITES : Basic knowledge of heat transfer, thermodynamics and fundamentals of physics.
INDUSTRIES  SUPPORT     : This course will be very much effective for the engineres working in the solar industries.

Learners enrolled: 3805


Course Status : Ongoing
Course Type : Elective
Duration : 12 weeks
Start Date : 14 Sep 2020
End Date : 04 Dec 2020
Exam Date : 19 Dec 2020
Enrollment Ends : 25 Sep 2020
Category :
  • Physics
  • Multidisciplinary
  • Level : Undergraduate/Postgraduate
    This is an AICTE approved FDP course

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    Week 1:Energy Scenario, overview of solar energy conversion devices and applications, physics of propagation of solar radiation from the sun to earth
    Week 2:Sun-Earth Geometry, Extra-Terrestrial and Terrestrial Radiation, Solar energy measuring instruments
    Week 3: Estimation of solar radiation under different climatic conditions, Estimation of total radiation
    Week 4:Fundamentals of solar PV cells, principles and performance analysis, modules, arrays, theoretical maximum power generation from PV cells.
    Week 5:PV standalone system components, Standalone PV-system design.
    Week 6:Components of grid-connected PV system, solar power plant design and performance analysis.
    Week 7: Fundamentals of solar collectors, Snails law, Bougers law, Physical significance of Transmissivity – absorptivity product.
    Week 8:Performance anlaysis of Liquid flat plate collectors and testing
    Week 9:Performance anlaysis of Solar Air heaters and testing
    Week 10:Solar thermal power generation (Solar concentrators).
    Week 11: Thermal Energy Storage (sensible, latent and thermochemical) and solar pond
    Week 12:Applications: Solar Refrigeration, Passive architecture,solar distillation, and ermeging technologies.


    1. G. N. Tiwari, Solar Energy, Fundamentals, Design, Modeling and Applications, Narosa, 2002.
    2. S. P. Sukhatme and J. K. Nayak, Solar Energy: Principles of Thermal Collection and Storage, Tata McGraw Hill, 2006.
    3. C. S. Solanki, Solar Photovoltaics: Fundamentals, Technologies and Applications, Prentice Hall India, 2nd Edition, 2011.
    4. J. A. Duffie and W. A. Beckman, Solar Engineering of Thermal Processes, John Wiley, 2006.
    5. D. Y. Goswami, F. Kreith and J. F. Kreider, Principles of Solar Engineering, Taylor and Francis, 1999.
    6. H. P. Garg and J. Prakash, Solar Energy: Fundamentals and Applications, Tata McGraw Hill, 1997.
    7. M. A. Green, Third Generation Photovoltaics: Advanced Solar Energy Conversion, Springer, 2003.
    8. A. Goetzberger and V. U. Hoffmann, Photovoltaic Solar Energy Generation, Springer- -verlag, 2010.
    9. K. Jager, O. Isabella, A. H. M. Smets, R.A.C.M.M. Van Swaaij, and M. Zeman, Solar Energy – fundamentals, technology and systems, Delft University of Technology, 2014
    10. T. C. Kandpal and H.P. Garg, Financial Evaluation of Renewable Energy Technologies, McMillan India Ltd., 2013


    Prof. Pankaj Kalita

    IIT Guwahati
    Dr. Pankaj Kalita is Assistant Professor in the Centre for Energy, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati. He has graduated from Jorhat Engineering College (Under Dibrugarh University, Assam) in Mechanical Engineering. He has completed his master degree (M.Tech) in Mechanical Engineering (specialization: Fluids and Thermal Engineering) and PhD in Energy from IIT Guwahati. He worked as Assistant Professor in the Department of Energy at Tezpur University, Assam before joining at IIT Guwahati. He has more than 7 years of teaching and 16 years of research experience in the field of renewable energy. He has published more than 36 peer reviewed research papers in various reputed journals, 7 book chapters and more than 20 conference papers. He is a recipient of India Distinguished Visiting Fellow awarded by the University of Nottingham, United Kingdom in the year 2010. He was also selected for attending prestigious India-UK young scientist networking conference on low carbon technologies held during 2-3 December, 2009 Kolkata organized by British Council Kolkata. He has also represented IIT Guwahati in the 2nd Winter School held at Gifu University, Japan in December 2016. He has been awarded early career research award by Science Engineering Research Board (SERB), DST, Govt. of India. Currently he is guiding nine PhD students and three master’s students. He has successfully implemented seven research projects and twelve consultancy projects funded by different government and private agencies in various fields of renewable energy. At present two research projects are in progress in the areas of energy storage, and renewable energy integration for remote electrification. He has organized three short-term courses and a national conference sponsored by TEQIP in the areas of clean energy and waste to energy successfully. He has also organized a GIAN course on Advances in Combustion and Gasification Technology successfully in 2018. His current areas of research includes solar energy conversion, thermochemical and biochemical conversion, energy management, energy storage (li-ion and thermal energy) and integration of renewable energy for remote electrification.


    •The course is free to enroll and learn from. But if you want a certificate, you have to register and write the proctored exam conducted by us in person at any of the designated exam centres.
    •The exam is optional for a fee of Rs 1000/- (Rupees one thousand only).
    Date and Time of Exams: 19 December 2020, Morning session 9am to 12 noon; Afternoon Session 2pm to 5pm.
    •Registration url: Announcements will be made when the registration form is open for registrations.
    • The online registration form has to be filled and the certification exam fee needs to be paid. More details will be made available when the exam registration form is published. If there are any changes, it will be mentioned then.
    •Please check the form for more details on the cities where the exams will be held, the conditions you agree to when you fill the form etc.

    • Average assignment score = 25% of average of best 8 assignments out of the total 12 assignments given in the course.
    • Exam score = 75% of the proctored certification exam score out of 100
    •Final score = Average assignment score + Exam score

    •If one of the 2 criteria is not met, you will not get the certificate even if the Final score >= 40/100.
    • Certificate will have your name, photograph and the score in the final exam with the breakup.It will have the logos of NPTEL and IIT Guwahati. It will be e-verifiable at nptel.ac.in/noc
    •Only the e-certificate will be made available. Hard copies will not be dispatched.