Courses » Introduction to Solid State Physics

Introduction to Solid State Physics


The course deals with introducing concepts of condensed matter physics to advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students. The course will be pitched at the level of a first year course in MSc in Physics. For this course, an exposure to undergraduate level of: (a) quantum mechanics, (b) statistical and thermal physics and (c) electromagnetic theory, is expected for this course. It is hoped that through this course, the student will understand the quantum theory of solids which is used to describe the thermal and electrical properties of a solid. The student will explore the interaction of a solid with electromagnetic radiation like X-rays and how this can be used to understand the atomic crystal structure of the solid. During the course the student will be exposed to some experiments related to probing various properties of solid



UG/PG: None


1021 students have enrolled already!!


I am a faculty member in the department of Physics at IIT Kanpur; Professor (2012 onwards); Associate Professor (2007 - 2012) and Assistant Professor (2004 - 2007).I was a feinberg postdoctoral fellow : Between 2000 - 2004, in the Dept. of condensed matter physics at Weizmann Institute of Science, Israel.Ph.D.-2000, obtained my Ph.D degree from the Department of Condensed matter physics and materials science, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai, India.Being an experimental condensed matter physicist, one of my major interests lies in trying to develop different imaging techniques for use as an experimental tools. At IIT Kanpur we have developed a high sensitivity magneto-optical imaging setup which is the only setup of its kind in India. The setup is being used to optically image the distribution of magnetic field with high sensitivity, inside a variety of materials ranging from superconductors to magnetic materials. The aim is to understand the magnetic and transport properties of some of the above materials and their novel hetero structures. Apart from my interest in imaging as applied to different topics in condenser matter physics , we are also interested in seeking novel routes towards making nano structured materials and developing new tools for investigating their properties at low dimensions. Some of my other interests lie in investigating the equilibrium as well as non-equilibrium phases of vortex matter in superconductors, behavior of superconductivity and magnetism under extreme conditions viz., of strong confinement or high magnetic fields, hetero structures of superconducting and magnetic materials as well as the competition of these two phenomena in natural systems.

Dr. Manoj Kumar Harbola He joined the Department in 2000. He obtained his doctoral degree at the City University of New York, USA, working under the supervision of Prof. Viraht Sahni. Subsequently he carried out postdoctoral research at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA before joining the Centre for Advanced Technology, Indore as a Scientist.He is a theoretical physicist , whose chief interest lies in Electronic Structure of Atoms, Molecules and Solids using Density Functional Methods.


Week 1  :  Introduction to Drudes free electron theory of metals, electrical conductivity Ohms lawand Hall effect
Week 2  :  Specific heat of an electron gas
Week 3  :  Behaviour of thermal conductivity of a solid and relationship with electrical conductivity
Week 4  :  Periodic Arrays of Atoms, Fundamental Types of Lattices, Index System for Crystal Planes
Week 5  :  Direct Imaging of Atomic Structure, Diffraction of Waves by Crystals, Reciprocal lattice, Brillouin Zones
Week 6  :  Vibrations of Crystals with Monatomic Basis, Acoustic and Optical modes
Week 7  :  Two Atoms per Primitive Basis, Quantization of Elastic Waves, Phonon Momentum
Week 8  :  Phonon contribution to heat capacity, Einstein and Debye theory of specific heat
Week 9  :  Bloch Functions, Nearly Free Electron Model, Kronig-Penney Model
Week 10  :  Wave Equation of Electron in a Periodic Potential,Band Gap
Week 11  :  Equations of Motion, effective mass, concept of a hole, Intrinsic Carrier Concentration, Impurity Conductivity
Week 12  :  Superconductivity
  • The exam is optional for a fee.
  • Date and Time of Exams: April 28 2019(Sunday)  Morning session 9am to 12 noon; Afternoon Session 2pm to 5pm.
  • Registration url: Announcements will be made when the registration form is open for registrations.
  • The online registration form has to be filled and the certification exam fee needs to be paid. More details will be made available when the exam registration form is published.


  • Final score will be calculated as : 25% assignment score + 75% final exam score
  • 25% assignment score is calculated as 25% of average of  Best 8 out of 12 assignments
  • E-Certificate will be given to those who register and write the exam and score greater than or equal to 40% final score. Certificate will have your name, photograph and the score in the final exam with the breakup.It will have the logos of NPTEL and IIT Kanpur.It will be e-verifiable at nptel.ac.in/noc.