Courses » Symmetry and Structure in the Solid State

Symmetry and Structure in the Solid State


Symmetry, point groups and space groups, crystal lattices. Scattering, diffraction, reciprocal lattice. powder diffraction. Single crystal methods. Data collection and processing synchrotron radiation, phase problem in crystallography. Patterson and direct methods, Rietveld refinement, intermolecular interactions electron density analysis. Basics of neutron diffraction, electron diffraction.

INTENDED AUDIENCE: Research students, Scientists from Pharmaceutical and materials industry and teachers(faculty) at Universities



PREREQUISITES: Basic mathematics

INDUSTRY SUPPORT: Pharmaceutical and materials industry

370 students have enrolled already!!


Name: T. N. Guru RowPosition: Professor and Dean (Science Faculty)Contact: Solid State and Structural Chemistry UnitIndian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012Phone: +91-80-22932796; Fax: +91-80-23601310Email: gururow@iisc.ac.inWebsite : guru.sscu.iisc.ernet.inEducation: B.Sc(Hons) : Physics, Bangalore University, Bangalore , India 1969M.Sc : Solid state physics, Bangalore University, Bangalore, India 1971Ph.D : Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India 1976Research Experience: Post doc @ SUNY Buffalo, New York, USA 1977-79Post doc @ Roswell Park memorial Institute, Buffalo 1979-81Scientist @ NCL, Pune, India 1982-88Assistant Professor @ SSCU, IISc, India 1989-92Associate Professor @ SSCU, IISc, India 1992-98Professor @ SSCU, IISc, India 1998- till dateMajor area of research: Chemical Crystallography and Materials DesignCharge Density Analysis in Molecular crystals, Phase transitions in complex inorganic systems with emphasis on mineral evolution and generation of futuristic materials, Structural aspects of Polymorphism, co-crystals and Salts in pharmaceuticals, High resolution Powder Diffraction, Rietveld refinements, ab initio structures, In situ Cryo-crystallography and Protien Expression, Purification & Crystallisation.Membership of Professional Bodies:Associate Member, Indian Academy of Sciences, 1983-1986Member, NICRYS, India 1985-1987Member, National Crystallographic Committee 1987-1990Member, International Center for Diffraction Data 2002Editor, Journal of Indian Institute of Science since 2002Associate Editor, Bulletin of Materials, IASc since2005Fellow of The Indian Academy of Sciences, 2005Vice President, Indian Crystallographic Association 2006Co-editor, Acta Crystallographica E, 2007Co-editor, Acta Crystallographica B, 2008Consultant, Commission on Crystallographic Teaching, 2009Fellow of National Academy of Sciences, 2009Advisor, CrystEngComm, RSC, 2009Member of International Program Committee, IUCr XXII, 2011Associate Editor, RSC Advances, RSC, 2011Regional Co-Chair, ICDD, USA 2015Editor of Publication, Indian Academy of Sciences, India 2016Awards:Young Scientist, CSIR, India 1987Medal, Chemical Research Society India (CRSI) 2003Prof Y.T. Thathachari Prestigious Research Award for Science, 2009IISc Alumni Award for Excellence in Science, 2009J.C. Bose Fellowship 2010-2018Other details1. Number of publications till date: 4502. Number of degrees received under my guidance (till date): 24 PhD’s and 10 MS3. Current strength of the group: 5 PhD students, 1 MS student, 5 post docs and 2 project assistants.4. Funding status: Two major projects funded by DST, India and several funded projects from pharmaceutical industries.


Week 1  :  Basics of symmetry ,2 Point groups
Week 2  :  Space groups, Equivale3nt points, Wycoff notation.
Week 3  :  Basics of diffraction, Laue’s conditions and Bragg’s Law
Week 4  :  Translational symmetry elements, glide plane, screw axis, relevance of symmetries.
Week 5  :  Phase problem
Week 6  :  Patterson Synthesis
Week 7  :  Direct methods
Week 8  :  Single crystal and powder XRD
Week 9  :  Refinement protocols
Week 10  :  Bond lengths, angles and conformation
Week 11  :  Intermolecular interactions
Week 12  :  Applications in Pharmaceutical and materials industry


C. Giacavazzo (Ed.) Fundamentals of crystallography,J. D. Dunitz,X-ray analysis and the structure of organic molecules,,G.H. Stout and L.H. Jensen
  • The exam is optional for a fee.
  • Date and Time of Exams: April 28 2019(Sunday)  Morning session 9am to 12 noon; Afternoon Session 2pm to 5pm.
  • Registration url: Announcements will be made when the registration form is open for registrations.
  • The online registration form has to be filled and the certification exam fee needs to be paid. More details will be made available when the exam registration form is published.


  • Final score will be calculated as : 25% assignment score + 75% final exam score
  • 25% assignment score is calculated as 25% of average of  Best 8 out of 12 assignments
  • E-Certificate will be given to those who register and write the exam and score greater than or equal to 40% final score. Certificate will have your name, photograph and the score in the final exam with the breakup.It will have the logos of NPTEL and IISc.It will be e-verifiable at nptel.ac.in/noc.