Sustainable Materials and Green Buildings

By Prof. B.Bhattacharjee   |   IIT Delhi
The objectives of this course is to expose the students to the concepts of sustainability in the context of building and conventional engineered building materials, such as concrete, bricks, and achieving the same through lower carbon cements, superior brick kilns and recycled aggregate minimizing consumption of natural resources including water. VOC and indoor air quality. Exposing the student to concepts of embodied, operational and life cycle energy, minimizing energy consumption by optimal design, use of BIPV. The course also intend to make student aware of ECBC, LEED, GRIHA etc

INTENDED AUDIENCE  : Civil Engineering & Architecture students and professionals
PRE-REQUISITES : BE/BSc. Level Physics & Mathematics
INDUSTRY SUPPORT : All Industry involved in Building design and construction. L&T, MES etc. CPWD and all other PWDs.

Learners enrolled: 4267


Course Status : Completed
Course Type : Elective
Duration : 12 weeks
Start Date : 29 Jul 2019
End Date : 18 Oct 2019
Exam Date : 16 Nov 2019
Category :
  • Civil Engineering
  • Level : Undergraduate
    This is an AICTE approved FDP course

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    Week 1 : Introduction
    Week 2 : Embodied energy, Operational energy in Building and Life cycle energy. Ecological foot print, Bio-capacity and calculation of planet equivalent.
    Week 3 : Role of Material: Carbon from Cement, alternative cements and cementitious material, Alternative fuel for cements for reduction in carbon emission,Sustainability issues for concrete,
    Week 4 : Role of quality, minimization of natural resource utilization, High volume fly ash concrete, geo-polymer concrete etc. concrete with alternative material for sustainability’
    Week 5 : Reduction in water consumption in concrete, Recycled aggregate, Energy for grinding crushing of cement aggregate etc. and reduction. Operational energy in building role of materials and thermal conductivity
    Week 6 : Clay Bricks, Types kilns, Comparative energy performance emission performance and financial performance, Indoor air quality
    Week 7 : Paints, adhesive and sealants for use in building, volatile organic content (VOC) emission issues and indoor air quality for sustainability and health hazard        
    Week 8 : Operational energy reduction and net zero building, Optimization for design of building for energy efficiency and example of optimization through use of Evolutionary genetic algorithm
    Week 9 : Radiation budget, urban heat island; Surface water balane, Effects of trees and microclimatic modification through greening,
    Week 10: Use of Building Integrated Photo Voltaic (BIPV) and other renewable energy in buildings, basic concepts and efficiency
    Week 11: Energy codes ECBC requirement, Concepts of OTTV etc
    Week 12: Green Performance rating, requirements of LEED, GRIHA etc.


    1. Newman, J. and Choo, Ban Sang, Advanced Concrete Technology-Processes, 1 st Edition, Elsevier, 2003
    2. Newman, J. and Choo, Ban Sang, Advanced Concrete Technology-Constituent Materials, 1st Edition, Elsevier, 2003
    3. Kubba, S, LEED Practices, Certification, and Accreditation Hand book, 1st ed. Elsevier, 2010.
    4. Minsitry of Power, Energy Conservation Building Code 2018, Revised Version, Bureau of Energy Efficiency, 2018,
    5. Architectural Energy Corporation, Building Envelope Stringency Analysis, International Institute for Energy Conservation, 2004
    6. Indian Building Congress, Practical Handbook on Energy Conservation in Buildings, 1 st ed. Nabhi Publication, 2008.
    7. McQuiston, F.C., and Parker, J.D. Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning, Analysis and Design, Fourth Ed. John Wiley & Sons, Inc,1994.
    8. Clarke, J.A., Energy Simulation in Building Design, Adam Hilger Ltd. 1985.
    9. TERI-Griha’s Green Design practices (www.teriin.org/bcsd/griha/griha.htm)
    10.Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (www.usgbc.org/LEED)
    11.Article on Residential Green Choice(www.austinenergy.com)
    12.Venkatarama Reddy, B. V., and. Jagadish, K., S. “Embodied energy of common and alternative building materials and technologies”. Energy and Buildings., 35, 129-137,2003
    13.Chani, P. S., Najamuddin., and Kaushik, S.K. “Comparative Analysis of Embodied Energy Rates for Walling Elements in India”. Energy and Buildings., 84, 47- 50. 2003
    14.Andrew, H., Buchanan., and Brian, G. “Energy and carbon dioxide implications of building construction”, Energy and Buildings., 20, 205-217. 1994
    15.Sartori, I., and Hestnes, A. G. “Energy use in the life cycle of conventional and low-energy buildings: A review article”, Energy and Buildings., 20, 249-257.2007
    16.Green Building Basics, California Integrated Waste Management Board (www.ciwmb.ca.gov/GREENBUILDING/Basics.htm#What)
    17. Huberman, N., Pearlmutter, D. “A life-cycle energy analysis of building materials in the Negev desert”.b Energy and Buildings., 40 ,837-848.2007.
    18. Catarina Thormark. “A low energy building in a life cycle—its embodied energy, energy need for operation and recycling potential”, Building and Environment., 37, 429-435.2001.


    Prof. B.Bhattacharjee
    , B.Tech(IIT KGP:1978), M.Tech. (IIT D:1982) and Ph.D. (I ITD:1990) Field Experience: M/s Gammon India Limited:1978-80. Professor Bishwajit Bhattacharjee is working with the Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi (India). His research interests pertain to the domains of building science, sustainable construction, concrete technology, and health monitoring of structures etc. His publications in these areas are well cited. He is also a recipient of the Indian Concrete Institute’s Life Time Achievement Award. He has been teaching a similar (nearly same) course in IITD for last 8 years (SUSTAINABLE MATERIALS AND GREEN BUILDINGS [3-0-0]) as PG elective


    • The course is free to enroll and learn from. But if you want a certificate, you have to register and write the proctored exam conducted by us in person at any of the designated exam centres.
    • The exam is optional for a fee of Rs 1000/- (Rupees one thousand only).
    • Date and Time of Exams: 16 November 2019, Morning session 9am to 12 noon; Afternoon Session 2pm to 5pm.
    • Registration url: Announcements will be made when the registration form is open for registrations.
    • The online registration form has to be filled and the certification exam fee needs to be paid. More details will be made available when the exam registration form is published. If there are any changes, it will be mentioned then.
    • Please check the form for more details on the cities where the exams will be held, the conditions you agree to when you fill the form etc.

    • Average assignment score = 25% of average of best 8 assignments out of the total 12 assignments given in the course. 
    • Exam score = 75% of the proctored certification exam score out of 100
    • Final score = Average assignment score + Exam score

    • If one of the 2 criteria is not met, you will not get the certificate even if the Final score >= 40/100.
    • Certificate will have your name, photograph and the score in the final exam with the breakup.It will have the logos of NPTEL and IIT Madras. It will be e-verifiable at nptel.ac.in/noc.
    • Only the e-certificate will be made available. Hard copies are being discontinued from July 2019 semester and will not be dispatched