Courses » Role of Craft and Technology in Interior - Architecture

Role of Craft and Technology in Interior - Architecture


This course is very crucial as it focuses on a trans-disciplinary research, emphasizing on the role of Craft & Technology in the discipline of Interior-Architecture. In the current decade which focuses on trans-disciplinarity and innovation, a course like this shall be very useful for a wide audience hailing from different disciplines such as art; craft; architecture; design; and, creative industries. Moreover, such a course is very much in line with the MHRD initiatives like SANDHI and Design Hub, where the focus is on amalgamation of Art, Science and Technology. It has multifold objectives: a) To understand the definition and scope of Interior-Architecture and Craft & Technology. b) To document and disseminate the role of Craft & Technology in Interior-Architecture through state-of-the-art literature; best studies and case studies. c) To create awareness and exposure for skill based knowledge systems. d) To establish link between tradition and continuity. e) To develop new paradigms of pedagogy and practice in the field of Interior-Architecture and Craft & Technology

Important For Certification/Credit Transfer:

Weekly Assignments and Discussion Forum can be accessed ONLY by enrolling here

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Note: Content is Free!

All content including discussion forum and assignments, is free

Final Exam (in-person, invigilated, currently conducted in India) is mandatory for Certification and has INR Rs. 1100 as exam fee

INTENDED AUDIENCE: Designers; Architects; Artists; Craft Persons; Entrepreneurs working in the core and peripheral subjects


UG/PG: UG and PG

PREREQUISITES: There are no pre-requisites, as such.

INDUSTRY SUPPORT: All the relevant Industries related to Interior- Architecture; Design; Art; Craft and the Creative Industries (Specific Examples Asian Paints; District Industries Centres; Alaya Design Studio)


Smriti Saraswat is trained as an Architect & Interior-Designer. She has been awarded with a Letter of Merit from the CEPT University, Ahmedabad. She is currently an Assistant Professor in the Department of Architecture and Planning at IIT Roorkee (Uttarakhand, India). She is passionate about Interior-Architecture; Design Research and Writing; Craft and Technology; Traditional Building Practices; Indigenous Communities; Skill Development; Creative and Cultural Industries; Women Empowerment; Cultural and Architectural Heritage; Narratives; and Pedagogy. 
She has worked on – a) prestigious projects focusing on conservation while working with Development and Research Organisation on Nature, Arts and Heritage (DRONAH), Gurgaon; b) projects and events discussing craft & technology, design innovation and interior-architecture during her tenure as a senior researcher at Design Innovation and Craft Resource Centre (DICRC), CEPT University, Ahmedabad, with a focus on conducting workshops, prototyping, developing monographs based on these, and creating material inventories; c) projects and events focusing on art-craft-interior-architecture traditions of Uttarakhand with IIT Roorkee and Ministry of Culture; and, d) a joint project on Model Village Development for the Juang Tribe of Odisha, funded by HUDCO. 
Her Ph.D. (pursued at IIT Roorkee) is an attempt to explore frameworks for interventions in Space-Making Crafts (more popularly known as building crafts or architectural crafts) of Uttarakhand (India). She has received several grants and scholarships; organized varied national and international workshops; training programmes; short term courses, including GIAN and NPTEL; trans-disciplinary academic workshops at IIT Roorkee that focus on materials; craft and technology; interior-architecture; and, design innovations.; set up collaborations with National and International schools and organizations; and authored several publications. She loves to travel; document; read; create photo essays; and tell stories.


Week 1 : Interior- Architecture: Definition and Understanding, Craft: Definition and Understanding (Varied Perspectives on Art and Craft), Interior- Architecture and Craft & Technology: Establishing Inter- Relationships and Exploring Applications. Discourse
Week 2 :  Interior- Architecture: Documenting Knowledge and Skills, Traditional Knowledge Systems and the Ingenious skills of the communities, Interior-Architecture: Documenting Materials; Tools and Techniques, Traditional Knowledge Systems and the Indigenous materials; tools and techniques, Discourse
Week 3 :  Creative and Cultural Industries:Understanding Definition; Significance and Scope, Building Crafts: Definitions; perspectives and frameworks, Building Crafts: Craft and Technology and its Role in creating/enhancing Interior- Architecture, Discourse
Week 4 :  Best Studies related to the Craft Sector, Case Studies From Gujarat, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, Miscellaneous Case Studies
Week 5 :  Craft and Technology in Interior Architecture: Decoding Systems and Transformation through Time,
Week 6 :  Overview of the Craft Sector Today, Issues and Challenges, Policies and Reforms, Gaps, Summary & Discourse
Week 7 : Continuity and Revival: Research and Documentation Perspective, Education and Training Perspective, Innovation and Development Perspective, Resource Building and Dissemination Perspective, Summary & Discourse
Week 8 : Interventions - Process Based; Product/Design Based; Technology Based; Marketing/Management Based; and, Spatial, Summary & Discourse 


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2. Chhiber, Neelam. “Stone Craft of India”, vol.1 & vol.2, Crafts Council of India, Chennai, with assistance from Department of Culture and Development Commissioner, Handicrafts, Govt. of India, 2002
3. Dave, B; Thakkar, J. and Shah, M. “Pratha – Kath Khuni Architecture of Himachal Pradesh”, Research Cell, School of Interior Design, CEPT, 2013
4. Hudson, J. “Interior-Architecture Now”, Laurence King Publishers, 2007
5. Jaitly, Jaya. “The Craft Traditions of India”, Lustre Press Pvt.Ltd, New Delhi, 1990
6. Jaitly Jaya. “Crafts Atlas of India”, Niyogi Books, N.Delhi, 2012
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10. Pandya, Yatin. “Elements of Space Making”, Mapin Pub.Pvt.Ltd., Ahmedabad, 2007
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23. Risatti, H. “A Theory of Craft: Function and Aesthetic Expression”, The University of North Carolina Press, 2013
c) Journals/ Papers
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32. Kumar, S. “Art-Research in Memory Institutions: A Brief Review of Their Resources From Visual-Arts-Research Perspective”, International Journal of Research Granthaalayah, Vol.3, Issue 10, October, 2015, pp. 84-91
33. Kramrisch, S. “The Traditions of The Indian Craftman”, The Journal of American Folklore, 1958
34. Negi, Monika (et.al.). “New Horizon for Aipan (Folk Art of Uttarakhand) Motifs through Appliqué”, International Journal of Research Granthaalayah, Vol.3 (Iss.9): September, 2015, pp. 36-48
35. Pandya, Y. “Concept of Space inTraditional Indian Architecture”, Mapin Publishing Pvt. Ltd., Ahmedabad, 2005
36. Mahdihassan, S. “Lac and its Decolourization by Orpiment as traced to Babylon”, Indian Journal of History of Science, 21(2), pp 187-192, 1986, http://www.new.dli.ernet.in/rawdataupload/upload/insa/INSA_1/20005b5b_187.pdf, 19Dec 12, 12:44, searched through Google
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38. Robertson, Seonaid Mairi. “Craft and Contemporary Culture”, George G. Harrap & Co. Ltd., London, Toronto, Wellington, Sydney, 1961, http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0005/000500/050028eo.pdf, 05Feb 13, 20:20, accessed through search engine Google
39. Situngkir, H. “Cellular-Automata and Innovation within Indonesian Traditional Weaving Crafts”, Bandung Fe Institute, 18. November 2013, pp. 1-8
40. Subramanian, A. “Developing Life Skills in Youth”, International Journal of Research Granthaalayah, Vol.4, Issue 04: SE, April, 2016, pp. 65-74
41. Tung, F.W. “Weaving with Rush: Exploring Craft-Design Collaborations in Revitalizing a Local Craft”, International Journal of Design Vol.6 No.3, 2012, pp. 71-84
42. Viancha, P.C. “Artisan communities: A role for Designers in the stimulation of creative processes for the sustainability of knowledge and identity –Experience in Colombia”, Department of Product and Strategic Design, UIAH-University of Art and Design
Helsinki, Finland, year not mentioned, retrieved through www.ub.edu/5ead/PDF/4/Cabrera.pdf, 20th Apr 16, 17:45 hours, through search engine Google
43. Yair, Karen (et.al). “Design through making: crafts knowledge as facilitator to collaborative new product development”, Design Studies, Volume 20, Issue 6, November 1999, pp. 495-515, http://independent.academia.edu/karenyair/Papers/117043/Design_through_making_crafts_knowledge_as_facilitator_to_collaborative_new_product_development, searched through Google, 07Feb 13, 16:50
44. Yair, Karen, Press, Mike. and Tomes, Anne. “Crafting competitive advantage: crafts knowledge as a strategic resource”, Design Studies Volume 22, Issue 4, July 2001, pages 377-394,  http://independent.academia.edu/karenyair/Papers/117033/Crafting_competitive_advantage_Crafts_knowledge_as_a_strategic_resource_edit_delete, 09Feb 13, 16:45
d) Essays/Articles/Reports
45. “Better Design for greater Good – Design Intervention Case Study”, http://www.design21sdn.com/organizations/430/posts/15037, Google search engine, 02 March13, 18:00
46. “Brief Industrial profile of District Almora”, Ministry of MSME, Govt. of India in collaboration with MSME Development Institue, Nainital, Uttarakhand, retrieved from dcmsme.gov.in/dips/DIPSR%20-%20Almora.pdf, 10th Feb 16, 22: 38 hours, through search engine Google
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52. “Emerging Contours in the MSME Sector of Uttarakhand: A survey based empirical study”, PHD Research Bureau, PHD Chamber of Commerce and Industry, New Delhi, April 2014, retrieved from phdcci.in/file/.../MSMEs%20Uttarakhand_6%20April%202014_%20final%20h.pdf, 05th April 16, 23:09 hours, through search engine Google
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     60. “Maker and Meaning: Craft and society”, Proceedings of the Seminar,  Tamil Nadu, India, 1999
f) Craft/ Design/Interior-Architecture Blogs
61. Bean, and Rosner, D. “Old Hat: Craft versus Design?” in “Make it Work”, https://www.google.co.in/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=2&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0CCMQFjAB&url=http%3A%2F%2Fpeople.ischool.berkeley.edu%2F~daniela%2Ffiles%2Fp86-bean_rosner.pdf&ei=sw_UVLKhJsTnuQT194DgBQ&usg=AFQjCNH_xG51OdekmJf2BoloRIuYF2oE9A&bvm=bv.85464276,d.c2E, accessed through search engine Google, 05July 2014, 14:00 
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  • The exam is optional for a fee.
  • Date of Exams : October 28 (Sunday)
  • Time of Exams : Morning session 9am to 12 noon; Afternoon session: 2pm to 5pm
  • Exam for this course will be available in both morning & afternoon sessions.
  • Registration url: Announcements will be made when the registration form is open for registrations.
  • The online registration form has to be filled and the certification exam fee needs to be paid. More details will be made available when the exam registration form is published.


  • Final score will be calculated as : 25% assignment score + 75% final exam score
  • 25% assignment score is calculated as 25% of average of Best 6 out of 8 assignments.
  • E-Certificate will be given to those who register and write the exam and score greater than or equal to 40% final score. Certificate will have your name, photograph and the score in the final exam with the breakup.It will have the logos of NPTEL and IIT Roorkee.It will be e-verifiable at nptel.ac.in/noc.