Courses » Architectural Conservation and Historic Preservation

Architectural Conservation and Historic Preservation

This course is designed to address Historic Preservation and Conservation as an approach that establishes a link between past, present and future. To familiarize the students with the status of conservation movement, various agencies involved in the field of conservation worldwide and their policies. Introduction to International framework of conservation, definitions and concepts. Various guidelines for the preservation, conservation and restoration of building, and an overview of current status of conservation and preservation in India are elaborated. Students are informed about the character and issues in our heritage towns, challenges of establishing the significance and the process of impact assessment through case studies, Concept of integrating development and heritage preservation, about opportunities and community participation are highlighted along with exposure to management and presentation of heritage buildings and sites.

  • Architecture
  • Civil Engineering 
  • Archeology
  • Fine Arts
  • Museology 
  • History
  • Tourism Management /Administration 


  • PWD
  • CPWD
  • Archeological Survey
  • Tourism Department   


Sanghamitra Basu, Ph D , MA ( Conservation Studies ,  IAAS , York. UK), Post Graduate ( Urban Planning , School of Planning and Architecture , New Delhi), B Arch ( Hons. ) ,  is currently  an Associate Professor in the Department of Architecture & Regional Planning,  Indian Institute of Technology ( IIT ) , Kharagpur, India . She has 33 years’ experience in teaching at undergraduate and post graduate levels. She has been active in research and consultancy projects in the field of historic preservation, sustainable tourism,   heritage management , participatory  planning , housing and neighbourhood planning,  GIS application and   architectural pedagogy. She has several publications in journals, chapters in books, monograph and papers presented in international and national conferences. She has guided Ph D works in postmodern and traditional architecture and at present has several scholars working under her supervision in the fields of cultural heritage, tourism planning, neighbourhood and social cohesion, improving quality of life of senior citizens etc. . She served as a Member of an apex body, the National Monuments Authority, Ministry of Culture, Government  of India. She is a member of editorial / review boards of several peer reviewed journals and  also a member of  the Scientific Committee , and National Advisory Committee , ICOMOS General Assembly & Scientific Symposium 2017, India . 

Week 1: Understanding Heritage. Types of Heritage. Heritage conservation- Need, Debate and purpose. Defining Conservation, Preservation and Adaptive reuse. Distinction between Architectural and Urban Conservation. Ethics of conservation , Significance and Value Assessment

Week 2: History of Conservation Movement, International agencies like ICCROM , UNESCO and their role in Conservation, World Heritage Sites , Selection criteria , Case Studies , Endangered sites.
Week 3: Monument conservation and the role of Archeological Survey of India –role of INTACH – Central and state government policies and legislations – inventories and projects- select case studies of sites such as Hampi, Golconda, Mahabalipuram -craft Issues of conservation

Week 4: Listing of monuments- documentation of historic structures- assessing architectural character –historic structure report- guidelines for preservation, rehabilitation and adaptive re-use of historic structures- Case studies, seismic retrofit and disabled access/ services additions to historic buildings-heritage site management

Week 5: Over view of urban history of India - understanding the character and issues of historic cities – select case studies of towns - historic districts and heritage precincts

Week 6: New building in historic settings. Townscape analysis , Visual Integration heritage impact assessment

Week 7: Interpretation and Presentation of Historic Sites . urban conservation and heritage tourism, Heritage Trail .

Week 8: Conservation as a planning tool.- financial incentives and planning tools such as Transferable Development Right(TDR)- conservation project management, Community participation (contd.)


1. Donald Appleyard, The Conservation of European Cities, M.I.T. Press,Massachusetts
2. James M. Fitch, Historic Preservation: Curatorial Management of the Built World by University Press of Virginia; Reprint edition (April 1, 1990)
3. A Richer Heritage: Historic Preservation in the Twenty-First Century
4. Bernard Feilden , Conservation of Historic Buildings, Routledge

  • The exam is optional for a fee. · 
  • Date and Time of Exams: April 28 (Saturday) and April 29 (Sunday) :
    Morning session 9am to 12noon. 

  • Exam for this course will be available in one session on both 28 and 29 April.
  • Registration url: http://nptelonlinecourses.iitm.ac.in/
  • The online registration form has to be filled and the certification exam fee needs to be paid. More details will be made available when the exam registration form is published. 

  • Final score will be calculated as : 25% assignment score + 75% final exam score  
  • 25% assignment score is calculated as 25% of average of 08 weeks course: Best 6 out of 8 assignments  
  • E-Certificate will be given to those who register and write the exam and score greater than or equal to 40% final score. Certificate will have your name, photograph and the score in the final exam with the breakup. It will have the logos of NPTEL and IIT Kharagpur. It will be e-verifiable at nptel.ac.in/noc.